Hirabah - Jihad - Terrorism - Violence - Just War - Crusades - updated 7/6/12

Sheila Musaji

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Hirabah - Jihad - Terrorism - Violence - Just War - Crusades - article collection

compiled by Sheila Musaji


Danios of Loonwatch has published a series of articles that provide a great deal of information on jihad, crusades, just war, terrorism, and violence in relation to Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.

Disclaimer:  Please read Danios’ disclaimer, Why Religious Zionism, Not Judaism, is the Problem, as well as this earlier disclaimer.  In these, Danios discusses why he felt the need to write these articles, and his very real concern that they be understood as a response to Islamophobic attacks on Islam, and not to offend Jews or Christians who have not engaged in such Islamophobic activities.  Here is a passage from Danios’ disclaimer that I believe expresses his concern (and my own) very well:

Having been a very strong advocate of religious tolerance and pluralism, it is with great reservation in my heart that I publish the Understanding Jihad Series, which compares violence and war in the Judeo-Christian tradition to the jihad of Islam.  Certainly, the intention is not to target one particular faith or religious group.  Quite the contrary, the goal is to prevent religious majoritarianism, whereby the dominant religious and cultural group is able to target weaker, poorly represented minority populations.  These articles are meant to prevent a certain level of religious smugness that has become quite prevalent today.  In the words of Prof. Philip Jenkins, “Jews and Christians…so ignore their own scriptures that they become self-righteous” towards Muslims and Islam.

The aggressive way that anti-Muslim propagandists have pushed the Islamophobic idea–that Muhammad/Islam/Quran/Sharia/Allah are so uniquely violent and warlike–has made it almost impossible for me not to write such articles. The data makes my case overwhelming: a recent Pew Research poll found that almost half of U.S. adults think that the Islamic religion is more likely to encourage violence than other religions, a figure that has almost doubled since 2002.  A clear majority of conservative Republicans (66%), white Evangelicals (60%), and Tea Baggers (67%) believe Islam is more violent than other religions, with a plurality of whites (44%) and older folks (42-46%) also thinking this.  (Of note is that blacks, Hispanics, and liberal Democrats are significantly less bigoted towards Islam.)  The idea that Islam is more violent than other religions–held most strongly by old white conservatives–is a key pillar to the edifice of Islamophobia.  The need for the Understanding Jihad Series seems self-evident.

Any time Islam is mentioned on the internet, pseudo-experts ferociously start copying and pasting a litany of Islamic texts to whack Muslims over the head with.  This anti-Muslim sentiment, fueled by profound ignorance (of both their own scriptures and Islamic), is no longer limited to fringe elements and has found its way into the mainstream.  Pro-Israeli hawks, in particular, have tried to transform this bigotry of Islam from a merely theological tussle into state policy.  It is hoped that pointing to Judeo-Christian scriptural sources that are far more violent than what is quoted from Islamic sources will instill in the extremist Zionists and Messianic Christians a level of religious humility.

My fear in so doing, of course, is of offending well-meaning Jews and Christians.  Indeed, while it is true that there is a definite link between Zionism and Islamophobia, it is also true that some of the most effective defenders of Muslims are in fact Jews.  These include such notable personalities as Glenn Greenwald, Richard Silverstein, Jon Stewart, Norman Finkelstein, Noam Chomsky, Max Blumenthal, and–without naming names–even some writers of LoonWatch (gasp!).  To be absolutely clear, I do not think that Judaism and Christianity are violent religions.  What I am simply trying to prove is that just because certain Quranic verses seem violent, one cannot make sweeping statements of the religion based on this…no more so than showing certain violent Biblical verses would prove the inherent nature of Judaism or Christianity.  When people from the majority group realize that their own religious tradition also has “problematic” texts, they are usually more hesitant to rush to judgment about other faiths.

Loonwatch’s Understanding Jihad Series:

Introduction: Is Islam More Likely Than Other Religions to Encourage Violence
Part 1: Warrior Prophet: Moses or Muhammad
Part 2: Who was the Most Violent Prophet in History 
Part 3: The Suicide Bomber Prophet 
Part 4: What the Quran-bashers Don’t Want You to Know About the Bible
Part 5: Jesus Loves His Enemies…and Then Kills Them All
Part 6:  The Bible’s Prescriptive, Open-Ended, and Universal Commandments to Wage Holy War and Enslave Infidels Part 6-i , Part 6-ii, Part 6-iii, Part 6-iv
Part 7: Majority of Americans Believe the Bible is Literally True and the Word of God 
Part 8:  The “But That’s Just the Old Testament!” Cop-Out 
Part 9:  The Bible’s Yahweh, a War-God?: Called “Lord of Armies” Over 280 Times in the Bible and “Lord of Peace” Just Once Part 9-i, Part 9-ii.


Loonwatch’s Does Jewish Law Justify Killing Civilians? Series

Introduction: Does Jewish Law Justify Killing Civilians
Part 1:  The Top Five Ways Jewish Law Justifies Killing Civilians;
Part 2:  #1 Civilians Are Really Combatants
Part 3:  Collective Punishment is Kosher Part 3-i, Part 3-ii, Part 3-iii, Part 3-iv


Loonwatch’s The Christian Just War Series
Part 1: What I Bet You Didn’t Know About the Christian Just War Tradition (I), Danios
Part 2: Was the Early Church Really Pacifist, Danios
Part 3: Saint Ambrose’s Holy War Against Infidels, Dorado


TAM has also published a series of articles that provide a great deal of information on jihad, crusades, just war, terrorism, and violence in relation to Judaism, Christianity, and Islam:

Muslim Voices Against Extremism and Terrorism list of article collections and resources on this and other topics including responses to Islamophobic claims.
- Part I & II Fatwas & Statements by Muslim Scholars & Organizations against extremism and terrorism
- Part III Statements & Articles by Individuals
- Part IV A few Quotes A-K, and L-Z
- Part V Muslim Voices Promoting Islamic Non Violent Solutions 
- Part VI Qur’an & Hadith Against Extremism and Terrorism
- Part VII Selective Hearing of Muslim Voices Against Extremism and Terrorism 
- Part VIII Religious terrorism is an oxymoron, Sheila Musaji
- Part IX Throwing Stones at the Qur’an From a Biblical Glass House, Sheila Musaji
- Part X Claim that all terrorists are Muslims ignores history
- Part XI A Spiritual Jihad Against Terrorism (5 parts), Sheila Musaji
Part XII Muslim Scholars Appeal to Christian Scholars for Dialogue and Peace - “A Common Word”, Sheila Musaji
Part XIII Muslim Violence, Christian Non-Violence:  People in Glass Houses Should Not Throw Words, Sheila Musaji

Also see Responses to Misrepresentation or Misunderstanding of Arabic and Islamic Terms and Responses to Misrepresentation or Misinterpretation of Specific Verses of the Qur’an for more detailed information on these and other terms. 


FURTHER READING:

A Call to Harabah, Aziz Poonawalla http://www.altmuslim.com/a/a/a/2083/

A Christian jihad?, Khaled Diab http://theamericanmuslim.org/tam.php/features/articles/a_christian_jihad

A detailed fatwa - Defending the Transgressed by Censuring the Reckless against the Killing of Civilians, Shaykh Muhammad Afifi al-Akiti http://www.mereislam.info/articles/Defending-the-Transgressed_Shaykh-M-A-Al-Akiti.pdf

A Message to American Muslims, Imam Tammad Adi http://www.islamfortoday.com/adi04.htm

A Muslim Sage Visits the USA by M. Shahid Alan (Mulla Nasruddin stories on the topic of 9/11) http://www.theamericanmuslim.org/2003sept_comments.php?id=383_0_22_0_C

A Terrorist By Any Other Name, Jane Chastain http://www.worldnetdaily.com/news/article.asp?ARTICLE_ID=27095

A Time for Introspection: “The worst enemies of Islam are from within”, Hamza Yusuf http://theamericanmuslim.org/tam.php/features/articles/a_time_for_introspection_the_worst_enemies_of_islam_are_from_within/

A World Out of Touch With Itself, Rabbi Michael Lerner, http://www.theamericanmuslim.org/2002sept_comments.php?id=75_0_14_0_C

A Memo to American Muslims, M.A. Muqtedar Khan, http://www.theamericanmuslim.org/2002jan_comments.php?id=170_0_7_0_C

A Muslims anguish in the Midst of the Attack on America, A. Rashied Omar,  http://theamericanmuslim.org/2002sept_comments.php?id=103_0_14_0_C

A Time for Renewal, Ali Ahmed Minai,  http://www.theamericanmuslim.org/2002sept_comments.php?id=107_0_14_0_C

Against the Nihilism of Terror: Jihad as Testimony to Transcendence, Dr. S. Pervez Manzoor, http://www.theamericanmuslim.org/2003march_comments.php?id=291_0_18_0_C

AL QAEDA
-Muslim Leaders Urged to Be Vigilant in War on Terror http://www.muslimnews.co.uk/news/news.php?article=7117
-Al Qaidah Targets British Muslim Leaders http://www.muslimnews.co.uk/news/news.php?article=7124

America as a Jihad State: Middle Eastern perceptions of modern American theopolitics, Abdal-Hakim Murad http://theamericanmuslim.org/tam.php/features/articles/america_as_a_jihad_state_middle_eastern_perceptions_of_modern_american

American Muslims Have A Special Obligation, Ingrid Mattson, http://www.beliefnet.com/story/89/story_8987_1.html

American Muslims and Scholars Denounce Terrorism, Statement from Center for the Study of Islam and Democracy, http://www.theamericanmuslim.org/2002sept_comments.php?id=132_0_14_0_C

America’s Tragedy, Shaykh Hamza Yusuf http://www.zaytuna.org/tragedy.html

The Amman Initiative: A Theological Counter-Attack Against Terrorism, S. Abdallah Schleifer http://theamericanmuslim.org/tam.php/features/articles/the_amman_initiative_a_theological_counter_attack_against_terrorism/

An Open Letter to America and the World, Asma’el Muhaiyaddeen, http://www.theamericanmuslim.org/2002sept_comments.php?id=70_0_14_0_C

An American Prayer to Remember September 11th, Omar Ricci, http://www.theamericanmuslim.org/2002sept_comments.php?id=68_0_14_0_C

Anatomy of Terror, John Chuckman http://yellowtimes.org/article.php?sid=1775

Another Terrorist Bombing, The Semiramis Hotel, http://www.ap-agenda.org/schulter/01_03.htm

APOCALYPSE/ ARMAGEDDON/ END TIMES - CHRISTIAN & JEWISH & MUSLIM
(see also Red Heifer, Rapture, and Temple Mount)
America’s Armageddonites,  Jon Basil Utley http://www.antiwar.com/utley/?articleid=11735
Apocalyptic Millennialism Resource Page http://www.publiceye.org/tooclose/apoc.html
Apocalyptic Radicalism and Religion http://www.beliefnet.com/frameset_offsite.asp?pageLoc=http%3A%2F%2Fandromeda%2Erutgers%2Eedu%2F%7Ezahavy%2Fapocalyptic%2Ehtml&query=&script=/index/index_20395.html
Apocalypticism Explained http://www.beliefnet.com/frameset_offsite.asp?pageLoc=http%3A%2F%2Fwww%2Epbs%2Eorg%2Fwgbh%2Fpages%2Ffrontline%2Fshows%2Fapocalypse%2Fexplanation%2F&query=&script=/index/index_20395.htm 
The Apostles of Deception http://www.informationclearinghouse.info/article17536.htm
Armageddon Anxiety - Evil on the Way, William Cook http://www.counterpunch.org/cook02222003.html
Armageddon Politics: The Rule of the Righteous Ones http://www.metahistory.org/ArmageddonPolitics.php
The Armageddon Lobby: Dispensationalist Christian Zionism and the Shaping of US Policy Towards Israel-Palestine, Rammy M. Haija http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/holy_land_studies/v005/5.1haija.pdf
Armageddon: The Rapture Index http://www.raptureready.com/rap2.html
Armageddon Wish, Paul Craig Roberts http://www.iviews.com/Articles/articles.asp?ref=IV0606-3015
Avoiding Armageddon (PBS documentary) http://www.pbs.org/avoidingarmageddon/
Avoiding Armageddon, Martin Schram http://www.amazon.com/Avoiding-Armageddon-Companion-Book-PBS/dp/0465072550/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&s=books&qid=1251741762&sr=1-1
Book Review:  The Politics of Apocalypse—The History and Influence of Christian Zionism (Cohn-Sherbook), Yoginder Sikand http://theamericanmuslim.org/tam.php/features/articles/book_review_the_politics_of_apocalypsethe_history_and_influence_of_christia/  2008
Book Review: On the Road to Armageddon: How Evangelicals Became Israel’s Best Friend http://www.jcpa.org/JCPA/Templates/ShowPage.asp?DRIT=4&DBID=1&LNGID=1&TMID=111&FID=625&PID=1666&IID=1696&TTL=Sarah_Schmidt_on_On_the_Road_to_Armageddon:_How_Evangelicals_Became_Israel%E2%80%99s_Best_Friend
Book Review:  Wastelands: Stories of the Apocalypse http://www.religiondispatches.org/archive/rdbook/306/rdbook%3A_the_end_of_the_world_as_we_know_it
The Brutal Christ of the Armageddonites, Religious fanaticism in American foreign policy, Jon Basil Utley http://www.antiwar.com/utley/?articleid=8588
Christian & Jewish Beliefs Regarding The Return Of The Messiah and Plots Against Masjid Al-Aqsa, Alia Amer http://www.islaam.com/Article.aspx?id=504
Disarming Armageddon http://www.opensourcetheology.net/node/841
The End of Days: Fundamentalism and the Struggle for the Temple Mount, Gershom Gorenberg http://www.amazon.com/End-Days-Fundamentalism-Struggle-Temple/dp/0195152050/ref=pd_sim_b_10
Film Review:  Waiting for Armageddon http://jewish-politics-ny.com/2009/03/26/%E2%80%9Cwaiting-for-armageddon%E2%80%9D-israel-and-the-jews/
“For Evangelicals, Supporting Israel is ‘God’s Foreign Policy’” http://www.cmep.org/Alerts/2006Nov16.htm
Is Obama the Antichrist? Why Armageddon Stands Between the President and the Evangelical Vote http://www.religiondispatches.org/archive/oped/1671/is_obama_the_antichrist_why_armageddon_stands_between_the_president_and_the_evangelical_vote 
Joel’s Army - praying for Armageddon http://www.alternet.org/story/96945/
Last Days http://www.floodlight.org/theory/sub1.html 
Hal Lindsey: Father of Apocalyptic Christian Zionism http://www.virginiawater.co.uk/christchurch/articles/hallindsey.HTM
Lobbying For Armageddon http://www.alternet.org/module/printversion/39748
McCain, Hagee and Armageddon as Foreign Policy http://www.perrspectives.com/blog/archives/000958.htm 
Onward Bush’s soldiers: War with Iraq is ‘dress rehearsal for Armageddon’ says head of Evangelical Israel Broadcasting Network http://www.workingforchange.com/article.cfm?itemid=14656
Politics of Apocalypse http://www.beliefnet.com/frameset_offsite.asp?pageLoc=http%3A%2F%2Fwww%2Eatheists%2Eorg%2Fflash%2Eline%2Fmideast1%2Ehtm&query=&script=/index/index_20395.html
Religion: Armageddon and the End Times, Richard N. Ostling;Michael P. Harris;James Castelli http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,954482,00.html
Pat Robertson in the Temple http://www.counterpunch.org/grebe04242003.html
The Senator’s armageddon and judgment day article about current events, William Gorden http://www.examiner.com/x-11190-Cleveland-Faith—Doubt-Examiner~y2009m9d29-The-Senators-armageddon-and-judgment-day 
Some Christians See A “Road Map” to End Times, http://iviews.com/articles/Articles.asp?ref=LT0306-2007

Aryan Nations: Christian Identity and Fascist Terror, http://bethuneinstitute.org/documents/cift.html

ARYAN REPUBLICAN ARMY http://eyeonhate.com/mcveigh/mcveigh7.html

As the Smoke Began to Clear, Michael Wolfe, http://theamericanmuslim.org/2003jan_comments.php?id=254_0_17_0_C

Atheist Terrorists (Tamil Tigers) http://christianity.about.com/cs/warandpeace/a/terroristmyths.htm

Atrocities in Iraq http://www.palestine-pmc.com/details.asp?cat=1&id=516

Attitudes of Ignorance, Parvez Ahmed http://www.iviews.com/Articles/articles.asp?ref=CD0408-2420 

Aum Shinrikyo Sarin Gas Attack in 1995, http://www.smn.co.jp/e/key/0025k01e.html

Beheading and Condemnation http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/opinion/2002044688_parvez24.html

Beware of Injustice: It’s Hell, Mahbubur Rehman http://www.islamicity.com/articles/Articles.asp?ref=IC0309-2095

Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh Accused of 1984 Bioterrorist Attack in Oregon, http://home.att.net/~meditation/bioterrorist.html  AND http://www.bendbulletin.com/news/story.cfm?story_no=5309

Bin Laden’s Violence is a Heresy Against Islam, Abdal-Hakim Murad, http://www.islamfortoday.com/murad04.htm

Bin Laden’s Fatwa: A Call to Harabah, Aziz H. Poonawalla, http://theamericanmuslim.org/2003march_comments.php?id=269_0_18_0_C

Bombing of the King David Hotel http://www.iap.org/kingdavidhotel.htm

Bringing Back Real Islam, Fuad Nahdi http://www.guardian.co.uk/comment/story/0,3604,1187183,00.html

Bush Has Legitimized Terrorism By Endorsing Sharon’s Plan, Robert Fisk, http://truthout.org/docs_04/041704B.shtml

Bushspeak: Dark and Garbled Words, John Chuckman http://www.theamericanmuslim.org/tam.php/features/articles/bushspeak_dark_and_garbled_words/

Building Peace in Northern Ireland, Eric Getty http://guweb2.gonzaga.edu/againsthate/Journal2/GHS102.PDF

Can Only Muslims Be Terrorists, Kamran Memon, http://iviews.com/articles/Articles.asp?ref=IV0307-2020

CHRISTIAN EXTREMIST ORGANIZATIONS
Christian Coalition http://www.au.org/site/News2?page=NewsArticle&id=5492&abbr=cs_
Christian Embassy http://www.therevealer.org/archives/timely_002761.php 
CHRISTIANS UNITED FOR ISRAEL: New Christian Zionism Lobby Hopes to Rival AIPAC http://www.democracynow.org/2006/8/15/christians_united_for_israel_new_christian - Rapture Ready: The Unauthorized Christians United for Israel Tour, Max Blumenthal http://www.huffingtonpost.com/max-blumenthal/rapture-ready-the-unautho_b_57826.html  -  CUFI, Bill Moyers http://www.pbs.org/moyers/journal/10052007/profile.html  - CUFI, Right Web http://www.rightweb.irc-online.org/profile/Christians_United_for_Israel  - Christians United for Israel and Attacking Iran,  Dedrick Muhammad and Farrah Hassen http://www.fpif.org/fpiftxt/5471
The Family: The Secret Fundamentalism at the Heart of American Power,  Jeff Sharlet http://www.amazon.com/Family-Secret-Fundamentalism-Heart-American/dp/0060560053/ref=pd_sim_b_4
Concerned Christians Cult http://www.religioustolerance.org/dc_conc.htm
COUNCIL FOR NATIONAL POLICY - see also The FELLOWSHIP - Vast Right Wing Cabal? http://abcnews.go.com/sections/politics/DailyNews/council_020501.html  -  Council for National Policy http://www.disinfopedia.org/wiki.phtml?title=Council_for_National_Policy - CNP http://www.rsicc.org/Links/CouncilforNationalPolicy/  - Unoffcial Information Page http://www.buildingequality.us/ifas/cnp/index.html  - What is the CNP http://www.seekgod.ca/cnp.htm  - One World Christian Organization http://www.cephasministry.com/conp.html  - The Council for National Policy http://watch.pair.com/cnp.html  - CNP http://rightweb.irc-online.org/groupwatch/cnp.php  - George Bush and the CNP http://www.tylwythteg.com/enemies/Bush/bush9.html 
The FAMILY - Exposed: ‘C Street’ and The Military, Chris Rodda http://pubrecord.org/religion/3427/exposed-street-military/
The FELLOWSHIP - see also Council for National Policy - Fellowship: Showing Faith in Discretion http://www.toobeautiful.org/lat_020927.html  - Fellowship Finances Townhouse Where 6 Congressmen Live http://www.tennessean.com/government/archives/03/04/31786118.shtml  - The Fellowship http://www.disinfopedia.org/wiki.phtml?title=The_Fellowship   - Jesus Plus Nothing http://www.harpers.org/JesusPlusNothing.html?pg=1  - Meet The Family http://www.alternet.org/print.html?StoryID=16167  - Records of The Fellowship Foundation http://www.wheaton.edu/bgc/archives/GUIDES/459.htm#1  - American Theocracy in Action http://shock-awe.info/archive/000355.php  - Smoke, Mirrors and Disinformation http://watch.pair.com/cult-scp4.html  - Undercover Among America’s Secret Theocrats http://www.guerrillanews.com/counter_intelligence/doc1760.html  - Maine Governor Lived in Fellowship House http://www.mainecommons.org/overflow/13-baldacci.htm  - Neighbors Up In Arms Over Secret Enclave http://www.rickross.com/reference/general/general607.html  - Sidestepping Pluralism http://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2002/004/7.26.html
Does John Baldacci belong to a secretive, powerful, conservative Christian group?, http://www.portlandphoenix.com/features/top/ts_multi/documents/02877355.asp  - Right Wing Affiliations of Bush Administration Officials http://www.pfaw.org/pfaw/general/default.aspx?oid=6190  - Our Feurher Who Art in Heaven http://www.myirony.com/index.php?p=231 
American Family Association
Children of God 
Christian Identity Group
Christians United for Israel (CUFI), a newly formed political organization that tells its members that supporting Israel’s expansionist policies is “a biblical imperative
Ku Klux Klan
Jack Chick Organization 
Christian Coalition
Courageous Christians United
The Covenant, The Sword, and the Arm of the Lord (CSA) was a radical Christian Identity organization formed in 1971 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Covenant,_The_Sword,_and_the_Arm_of_the_Lord
Elohim City
The Family or The Fellowship
Focus on the Family, James Dobson
Greater Ministries International
Hutaree militia http://www.theamericanmuslim.org/tam.php/features/articles/hate_rhetoric_is_escalating_into_violence/0018003
Kingdom Identity Ministries 
Legion of Christ http://www.aolnews.com/world/article/secretive-catholic-order-founded-by-accused-pedophile-under-fire/19398262?icid=main|htmlws-main-n|dl1|link3|http%3A%2F%2Fwww.aolnews.com%2Fworld%2Farticle%2Fsecretive-catholic-order-founded-by-accused-pedophile-under-fire%2F19398262
National Council on Bible Curriculum in Public Schools
National Prayer Network 
Operation Christmas Child an Islam Bashing Charity
Operation Save America 
The Order was the most violent and notorious domestic terrorist group of the 1980s http://www.nizkor.org/hweb/orgs/american/adl/paranoia-as-patriotism/the-order.html
Reclaim Oklahoma for Christ http://www.loonwatch.com/2010/03/a-christian-stealth-jihad-in-the-united-states/
Revival Fire Ministries and the military http://www.militaryreligiousfreedom.org/Gates_Letter.pdf
Values Action Team
Westboro Baptist Church (Fred Phelps)

Christian Rage and Muslim Moderation, Christopher Dickey http://www.newsweek.com/id/129237?tid=relatedcl 5/08

CHRISTIAN ZIONISM
Biblical Prophecy and Christian Zionism, Gary Leupp http://www.counterpunch.com/leupp05072005.html 
Birth Pangs of a New Christian Zionism http://www.thenation.com/doc/20060814/new_christian_zionism
Christian Zionism: Terror in Jesus’ Name http://theamericanmuslim.org/tam.php/features/articles/christian_zionism_terror_in_jesus_name1/
Christian Zionists: Mixing Prophecy and Politics http://csmonitor.com/2004/0707/p15s01-lire.html
Christian Zionists, Israel and the ‘ second coming’, Donald Wagner http://www.informationclearinghouse.info/article4930.htm
JOHN HAGEE Evangelist leads millions seeking ‘war with Islam’,  Alec Russell http://archive.gulfnews.com/articles/06/08/06/10058027.html  -  Hagee’s Armageddon Politics, Chip Berlet http://www.huffingtonpost.com/chip-berlet/pastor-hagees-armageddon_b_103161.html  - Hagee’s apocalyptic support of Israel, Ben Smith http://www.politico.com/news/stories/0508/10375.html
Holy Land churches condemn Christian Zionism http://www.informationclearinghouse.info/article14789.htm
The Jerusalem Statement on Christian Zionism http://www.zenit.org/english/visualizza.phtml?sid=94029
Jerusalem Countdown: Christian Zionists and the New Israeli Government, Bill Berkowitz http://www.religiondispatches.org/archive/religiousright/1204/jerusalem_countdown%3A_christian_zionists_and_the_new_israeli_government
Extremism in Israel Is Fueled By Growing Ultra-Orthodox Movement in the U.S. , Allan C. Brownfield http://www.wrmea.com/backissues/010201/0101071.html
Understanding Christian Zionism Resource Page http://www.publiceye.org/christian_right/zionism/coalition.html

Christians, Muslims, Jews and 9/11, David Kilgore http://www.david-kilgour.com/faith/cmj.htm

Clarifications About the Concept of Jihad in Islam, Maulvi Yahya Nomani (tr. Yoginder Sikand)  http://theamericanmuslim.org/tam.php/features/articles/clarifications_about_the_concept_of_jihad_in_islam

Combatting Terrorism, M. Shahid Alam, http://www.islam21.net/pages/keyissues/key7-9.htm

The Concept of Jihad in Islam By Maulana Wahiduddin Khan http://theamericanmuslim.org/tam.php/features/articles/the_concept_of_jihad_in_islam_by_maulana_wahiduddin_khan

Counterterrorism, M.A. Muqtedar Khan http://www.mpac.org/news_article_display.aspx?ITEM=224

Creating Common Platforms Between Muslim and Western Societies to Tackle Extremist Discourse, S. Abdallah Schleifer http://theamericanmuslim.org/tam.php/features/articles/creating_common_platforms_between_muslim_and_western_societies_to_tack

“Creative Destruction”: Exposing the Ideological Roots of Modern Terrorism, Dr. Robert Dickson Crane http://www.theamericanmuslim.org/tam.php/features/articles/creative_destruction_exposing_the_ideological_roots_of_modern_terrorism/

Credibility and Preemptive War Doctrine http://pinr.com/report.php?ac=view_report&report_id=56&language_id=1

Cruelty and Violence in the Bible http://www.skepticsannotatedbible.com/cruelty/long.html

Dance of Deception, James M. Wall http://www.theamericanmuslim.org/tam.php/features/articles/dance_of_deception/

Dare I say “Jihad”, Jeff Siddiqui http://theamericanmuslim.org/tam.php/features/articles/dare_i_say_jihad

Defining a Just War, Richard Falk [url=http://www.thenation.com/doc.mhtml?i=

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