Claim that all or most terrorists are Muslims ignores history (and reality)
by Sheila Musaji
There has been plenty of terrorism and violence committed by human beings from every religious background. Not all terrorists are Muslims. In fact, not even most terrorists are Muslims. Who is defined as a terrorist, and who is defined in some other way is not consistent.
Here is an interesting dispute about terminology and data that illustrates some of the issues:
Jeffrey Weiss wrote an article in which he made the claim:
“And we’re still left with a terrible problem for a free and multicultural society: Even though 99.999 percent of Muslims abhor attacks on innocent civilians on moral and theological grounds, 100 percent of attempted terrorist attacks on the U.S. (and, with the exception of the Basques in Spain, terrorists attacks on all Western nations) since the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing have been committed by people claiming to act in the name of Islam.”
Glenn Greenwald responded to this article and listed a number of terrorist incidents that were not committed by Muslims, closing with:
“I could spend all day listing more of the same. And that’s using the narrowest definition possible of “terrorism”—i.e., excluding any state-sponsored terrorist acts. We’re currently at various forms of war in five different Muslim countries, so it’s not surprising that some of the violence directed at us is from Muslims. But to claim that “100 percent of attempted terrorist attacks on the U.S. (and [other than Spain], terrorists attacks on all Western nations)” since 1995 are by “people claiming to act in the name of Islam” is so blatantly, demonstrably, obviously false that you really have to wonder about a person who would utter such a thing. And while most don’t veer quite as deep into the falsehood department as Weiss did, one would get the sense from listening to our standard political discourse that “Terrorism” and “Islamic-inspired Terrorism” are synonymous. It’s the kind of myth-based demonization that is as familiar as it is false, dangerous and repugnant.”
Weiss issued an apology:
[MEA CULPA:I stupidly broke one of my own writing rules there: Do not use an absolute unless you are absolutely, positively certain beyond any and all doubt. As sure as you use the words “never” or “always,” or “100 percent” someone will provide an exception. Glenn Greenwald on Salon.com provides several. I could quibble with some of his list or engage in some rhetorical dance about the definition of terrorism or try a numbers game about whether I was almost right or not. But the truth is, mine was a needless and incorrect reach that was not necessary to make my point. Which is that there are many more Muslims who oppose terror compared to the relatively few, very dangerous people who would use that faith to justify the murder of innocents. And it behooves us to do what we can to appreciate when those in the larger group do what they can to shut down the violence in spite of the potential consequences to themselves. I will surely make other mistakes down the road, but I will probably not repeat this one any time soon.]
Muqtedar Khan published an article Media only dissects the religion of terrorists when they’re Muslims which also makes many excellent points on the issue of defining our terms.
Regarding Joseph Stacks suicide flight into an IRS building Khan says: ” I did not see any “in-depth exposes” on his values and religion or the culture of America or Texas to provide both meaning and context to this horrible act of terrorism. Wait—it was not even described as terrorism. He was never described as a suicide bomber.”
Regarding the Hutaree militia arrests Khan says: “But I am disappointed that even this latest episode has not triggered a discussion on the relationship between values and violence. Is American culture deeply violent? Does that explain the imperial wars we wage overseas? I am especially disappointed that we have not discussed the Bible and its relationship to gun violence in America, at home and abroad. Does Matthew 10:34 explain American violence, according to which Jesus (peace be upon him) allegedly said: “Do not suppose that I have come to bring peace to the earth. I did not come to bring peace, but a sword.” We have had so much discussion on the sword verse in the Quran (9:05), which unlike the Bible does not really have a sword in it. Why are we not talking about radical Christianity or political Christianity?”
Regarding Netanyu’s insistence on continuing settlements in East Jerusalem he says: “But once again, I was disappointed. There was no exploration of Netanyahu’s religious values to explain how it could be his “radical Judaism” that prevents him from compromise and from sharing Jerusalem with Palestinians. We have heard the other side of the story about radical Islam a million times. Are those Israelis like Netanyahu who wish to take the whole of Jerusalem and leave nothing for the Palestinians motivated by the extremely violent verses of the First Testament (Samuel 15:2-3, Deuteronomy 20:16-18)? We don’t know, and we never ask these questions of Netanyahu, of Joseph Stack or of others. The reason why we don’t ask these questions of them is because we think we understand that the real driving force behind their policies is politics and material interests. Religion, if deployed, is used either to legitimize policies or to mobilize masses. There is no such thing as radical Christianity or radical Judaism. So why waste time discussing the ancient Bible, when we can directly address real and contemporary political issues without unnecessarily riling unrelated and peaceful Jews and Christians? This is a smart, sensible and salutary strategy. Address the problem without unnecessary complications. Now why can’t we do the same with Islam and Muslims too? Why do we insist on being obtuse when dealing with Muslims?”
INFORMATION FROM REPORTS & SURVEYS
See also our TAM article collection of Existing Reports, Polls, and Studies on Islam, Muslims & Radicalization for many more useful reports.
According to the European Police Office (Europol) in 2006 “There were 498 incidents in eleven EU countries in 2005 labelled as “terrorist attacks.” The Basque separatist group ETA committed the most (136 terrorist attacks) and was responsible for the only deadly attack, killing two in Madrid. The remaining 497 fortunately cost no human lives.” Muslims only carried out one out of the 498 terrorist attacks in the European Union in 2006. Full report
The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Elam a Hindu separatist group in Sri Lanka “had carried out more suicide bombings than any other organization on the face of the earth. According to the experts at Janes securities, between 1980 to 2000, LTTE had carried out a total of 168 suicide attacks on civilians and military targets. The number of suicide attacks easily exceeded the combined total of Hizbullah and Hamas suicide attacks carried out during the same period”
“Of all the religious groups, Muslim Americans have the lowest crime rate, and that prior to the first WTC attack, there was no violence directed against the western culture by its members. A survey of 175 recorded incidents of terrorism in the US from January 1982 to January 1996 showed that of these: 77 were committed by Christian Puerto Rican nationalists, 31 were the work of Christian animal rights and Christian environmental groups, 23 were blamed on Christian left wing organizations, 18 were committed by what the FBI called “Jewish extremists” and 12 were by Christian anti-Castro Cubans. The total number committed by Arabs or Muslims over a period of 14 years was 3 (three).” Muslim Americans: Patriotic or Fifth Columnist?, Habib Siddiqui
The U.S. Department of Justice Report on Terrorism 2002 to 2005 also lists incidents from 1980 to 2005 and clearly shows that most terrorist incidents were not carried out by Muslims.
An MPAC study on domestic terrorism shows that - Since Obama’s election on November 4, 2008 there have been 25 terror plots by non-Muslim domestic extremists and 9 plots by Muslim domestic and international extremists.
In Europe the number of arrests connected to terrorism doubled in the European Union in 2007, while the overwhelming majority of attacks carried out in its territory were linked to separatism, the EU’s police office, Europol, said in a report released by Europol.
The FBI has a chronological list of all terror attacks on US soil from 1980 to 2005, and - this is the important bit - only 6% of the attacks involved Islamist extremism. That means that here in the United States, a whopping 94% of known terrorists are not Muslim. Europol, the European Union’s criminal intelligence agency, posts a similar list each year entitled the “EU Terrorism Situation and Trend Report.” The numbers in Europe are there are even more stark, with terror attacks perpetrated by Muslims accounting for only 0.4% of terror plots in the EU from 2006-2008. The most recent report, when issued early next year, will include the details from this summer’s horrific attack in Norway, carried out by a man “calling for a Christian war to defend Europe against the threat of Muslim domination.”
The Southern Poverty Law Center has a list entitled: Terror from the Right: 75 plots, conspiracies and racist rampages since Oklahoma City which also shows that not all terrorists are Muslims. The SPLC also has a list of “Patriot” groups active in the U.S. during 2009 including 127 militias (marked with an asterisk).
Another report from the FBI makes a lot of interesting points. Here are a few highlights:
APPROXIMATELY 641 terrorist incidents occurred in the United States between 1971 and June 1975. Among these attacks were 166 bombings, 120 fire bombings, and 118 shootings. (During the first six months of 1975 alone, 24 attacks occurred in California, 12 took place in New York, and 11 were directed at targets on the U.S. Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.) Some of these attacks were carried out by extremist ethnic groups and international terrorists. But the vast majority were attributed to leftwing/antiwar extremists, many operating within such organizations as the Weather Underground, Armed Forces of Puerto Rican Liberation (FALN), the Black Liberation Army, and the Symbionese Liberation Army. p35
WAVES in domestic terrorist activity are not absolute or all encompassing. During the 1970s and early 1980s, at the height of violent antiwar/left-wing activism, there were dozens of terrorist attacks carried out by Jewish extremist groups (such as the Jewish Defense League and the United Jewish Underground) and other extremist ethnic groups (such as the Justice Commandos of the Armenian Genocide). There were also sporadic incidents involving special interest groups supporting nuclear disarmament and other causes. During the 1990s, when antigovernment right-wing groups became a primary counterterrorism focus, left-wing extremist Puerto Rican separatists continued to conduct the majority of successful terrorist attacks in the United States–primarily on the island of Puerto Rico. (The majority of terrorist acts prevented by law enforcement during the decade, however, were being planned by antigovernment right-wing terrorists–underscoring the potential threat posed by this element.) p 37 to 38
But a study of the past reveals some potentially helpful patterns. Violent domestic extremism in the United States has been closely linked to contemporary political/social concerns. In each of the three identifiable waves, violent extremism has represented a small, radicalized component of broad-based, largely peaceful movements sharing similar concerns. With regard to left- and right-wing terrorism, aggressive prosecution of group leaders, violent offenders, and those plotting attacks contributed significantly to limiting the overall threat posed by groups with these orientations. p 38
The abilities to spread propaganda and recruit new members are important to the long-term viability of extremist movements. Leftist radical movements of the 1970 and early 1980s conducted much of their propaganda and recruiting through lectures and the distribution of handbills. While right-wing groups in the 1980s and 1990s began to exploit the Internet and cable access programming to spread their views, they largely depended on videotapes and books to attract new adherents to their antigovernment, race-supremacist ideologies. By contrast, animal rights and environmental extremists rely on sophisticated computer capabilities to exploit the communications potential of the Internet to disseminate propaganda, provide information updates to adherents, recruit new members, and make claims of responsibility for terrorist activities and acts of vandalism. The communications opportunities afforded by the World Wide Web can be expected to have a far-reaching impact on the ability of contemporary extremist groups to perpetuate propaganda and attract new members. p 38
CONCLUSION - BROAD TRENDS in domestic terrorism can be identified throughout the past four decades. These trends demonstrate the fluidity of causes that can inspire acts of terrorism within a culture. A society as large, diverse, and complex as the United States can be expected to continue to yield divergent concerns and beliefs among groups and individuals who view extreme actions as the most effective means to convey their sentiments. An appreciation of the largescale shifts in terrorist trends may assist law enforcement in understanding general patterns in the threat posed by domestic extremists over several decades. The emerging challenges confronting the law enforcement community underscore more than ever the importance of interagency cooperation, effective analysis, and aggressive investigation to counter these threats. p 40
“Despite last year’s spike in the number of terrorism cases involving American Muslims, fears of growing radicalization in the American Muslim community may be greatly exaggerated, according to a new study. Researchers at Duke University and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill sais in 2010 that while homegrown Islamic terrorism is a serious issue, it remains a limited problem.” According to Time Read the full report Anti-Terror Lessons of Muslim-Americans
Time magazine released a lengthy study in 2010 of The Secret World of Extreme Militias by Barton Gellman which discusses how widespread this phenomenon of right wing violence has become in the U.S.
Loonwatch has published a must read article All Terrorists are Muslims…Except the 94% that Aren’t which takes information from the FBI report and other reports mentioned above and analyzes the list of incidents and creates an interesting pie chart that makes all the information come clearly into focus. Loonwatch states: “According to this data, there were more Jewish acts of terrorism within the United States than Islamic (7% vs 6%). These radical Jews committed acts of terrorism in the name of their religion. These were not terrorists who happened to be Jews; rather, they were extremist Jews who committed acts of terrorism based on their religious passions, just like Al-Qaeda and company.”
Even if we look only at EXTREMIST VIOLENCE AND TERRORISM IN THE U.S. from 1970 and after committed by non-Muslims, it really isn’t possible to hold to the claim that all terrorists are Muslims. If we add to this brief list all of the KKK and white supremacist violence over the years and all of the hate crimes like the hate crimes motivated by a hatred of immigrants, or gays, or African-Americans, or a particular political group, etc. Or, if we included terrorists acts that took place overseas, then this list would number in the thousands. See 17,000+ “Islamic terrorist” attacks exist only in fevered Islamophobic brains for a partial list of such crimes. As it is, this list is partial.
Two of the individuals most responsible for continually attempting to promote this false claim that most terrorists are Muslims are Pamela Geller and her partner in hate, Robert Spencer of AFDI/SIOA. TAM has published 17,000+ “Islamic terrorist” attacks exist only in fevered Islamophobic brains responding to this propaganda in detail with links to many resources for actual facts. Spencer claims that there have been only 2 or 4 non-Muslim or “white male” terrorists since 9/11.
TAM has added a regularly updated resource Resources for dealing with Islamophobes & Islamophobia which provides links to many sources of information in response to this and other false claims.
Dave Gilson at Mother Jones has published Charts: How Much Danger Do We Face From Homegrown Jihadist Terrorists?. He notes: ... If one or both of the suspects in last week’s attack, Tamerlan and Dzhokhar Tsarnaev, were motivated by radical Islamic beliefs, then they will have the dubious distinction of being the first jihadists to have set off a bomb on American soil since the 1993 World Trade Center bombing. He provides a great deal of information with links to sources, and a number of charts. Think Progress published CHART: 17 Years After Oklahoma City Bombing, Right-Wing Extremism Is Significant Domestic Terror Threat which notes that ... Fifty-six percent of domestic terrorist attacks and plots in the U.S. since 1995 have been perpetrated by right-wing extremists, as compared to 30 percent by ecoterrorists and 12 percent by Islamic extremists. Right-wing extremism has been responsible for the greatest number of terrorist incidents in the U.S. in 13 of the 17 years since the Oklahoma City bombing.
In Feb., Spencer Ackerman at Wired published Report: U.S. Muslim Terrorism Was Practically Nil in 2012.
Charles Kurzman has written an important article on how terrorism is identified Mis-Mapping Terror. Type terrorism into the TAM search engine for many other articles written since this collection was begun. See PREJUDICED, RACIST, OR VIOLENT INCIDENTS AT MOSQUES for a list of such incidents at mosques in the U.S. by date.
No matter how many facts are given to counter the false argument that most or all terrorism is committed by Muslims, the claim continues to be raised.
Jesse Watters attended the recent ISNA convention in D.C. as a journalist and interviewed random attendees. Watters is a producer on the O’Reilly Factor. You can see a video of the segment that aired on Watters’ World on the O’Reilly Factor here. One of those random people interviewed was asked to name any Christian terrorists, and was unable to to so. Watters and O’Reilly in their conversation discussed the “fact” that the ISNA attendee couldn’t name any Christian terrorists because there haven’t been any Christian terrorist attacks, and O’Reilly said “it’s always a Muslim, we had the Unabomber and things like that, but recently it’s always been Muslims.”
Loonwatch has a video of Cenk Uygur in a segment of the Young Turks program responding to Jesse “Dirty” Watters appearance and claims on the Bill O’Reilly program here. Cenk Uygur does an excellent job of showing how ridiculous this claim is.
A number of articles have been published recently about the continuing problem of singling out Muslims as more violent than others. Raw Story, Angry, armed and white: The typical profile of Ameriuca’s most violent extremists. Jaweed Kaleem Obama’s Anti-Extremist Strategy Criticized As Wrongly Singling Out Muslims. Daniel Byman Five myths about violent extremism. Libby Watson How the media treated Muslims who condemned extremist violence.
FAIR has collected a good cross section of articles on the most recent act of terrorism by non-Muslims that is not being called terrorism - When is Terrorism Not Terrorism?. This is the case of Jerad and Amanda Miller, who fatally shot three people in Nevada before killing themselves. In the article In the news media, are Muslims the only ‘terrorists’?, Paul Farhi asks: “What do you call a couple who espouse an extremist, anti-government ideology and kill two policemen and a bystander while draping one of their victims in a flag associated with a political movement?”
There have been a number of cases, and the mainstream press is beginning to talk about the double standards and hypocrisy. See:— Are all terrorists Muslims? It’s not even close and Home-Grown, Right-Wing Terrorism: The Hate the GOP Refuses to See by Dean Obeidallah — DHS intelligence report warns of domestic right-wing terror threat — Terrorist Conspiracies and Attacks by Right-wing Extremists, 1995-2015, ADL — Stunning Terrorism Statistics that Nobody Wants You to Know — 6 modern-day Christian terrorist groups our media conveniently ignores —
Yet another terrorist plot that is not being called terrorism — this one by a former Congressional candidate and Christian Minister, Robert Doggart. This is particularly egregious since he was let out on a low bail, and may only get a maximum of 5 years even though it was a serious plot.
See: — The Terrorist Who Got Away, MPAC — America Snores When Christian Terrorist Threatens to Massacre Muslims — Former US Congress candidate admits plan to ‘utterly destroy’ Muslim village in gun attack — Former Congressional candidate guilty in plot to bomb, kill Muslims in upstate N.Y. hamlet of ‘Islamberg’ — A Terror Threat Fox News Won’t Cover — Islamberg death plot plea deal needs federal review — Why American Media Is Silent About This Christian Terrorist From New York? — Terrorist who wanted to destroy Islamberg, NY released on bail — Would This Man Be Charged With Terrorism If He Were Muslim?, Justin Salhani
Yet another act of domestic terrorism in a tragic shooting at AME Church in Charleston, SC that leaves 9 innocent people dead.
— Ramadan Reflection Day #1: #CharlestonShooting—Healing Requires Admitting We’re Sick, Imam Khalid Latif — Call it terrorism in Charleston, Peter Bergen — Religions for Peace Statement: Standing in Solidarity with Mother Emanuel Methodist Episcopal Church — Mother Jones mass shooting database — One Tweet Shows What the Media Keeps Getting Wrong About the Charleston Hate Crime, Jon Levine — Let’s Call Charleston Shooting What It Was: a Terrorist Attack, Dean Obeidallah— Why we must call Dylann Roof a terrorist, Shaun King — The Growing Right-Wing Terror Threat — When the home-grown terrorists are white — Shooters of color are called ‘terrorists’ and ‘thugs.’ Why are white shooters called ‘mentally ill’?, Anthea Butler — Yes, Charleston was terrorism. Denying that isn’t just wrong, it’s offensive, Max Fisher — The lessons of Charleston: The real threat to America is right-wing terrorism, Ryan Cooper — The growing right wing terror threat
Right-wing militias seem to be continually growing. A few examples of previous militia violence: Birmingham, Alabama area anti-immigration militia were arrested for planning a machine gun attack on Mexicans - Idaho Mountain Militia Boys plot to kill a judge an a police officer and break a friend out of jail - Texas Militia plot to attack the Federal Building in Houston - Richard McLaren, former president of the Republic of Texas militia, kidnapped his neighbors leading to a week-long standoff between the police and “anti-government separatists. - Minutemen American Defense militia, anti-immigrant group, murder of a Hispanic family in Arivaca AZ - Mountaineer Militia members are arrested in plot to blow up the FBI fingerprint records center in West Virginia. - North American Militia members are arrested in plot to bomb Federal Buildings in Michigan, a television station and an interstate highway intersection. - Oklahoma Constitutional Militia members arrested while in the planning stages for bombings of Southern Poverty Law Center, gay bars and abortion clinics. - The Republic of Texas militia plotted to assassinate President Clinton using biological weapons. - Scott Roeder, a member of the Army of God militia murders Dr. George Tiller - San Joaquin Militia members arrested on charges of plotting to bomb critical infrastructure locations in hopes of sparking an insurrection. - Eric Rudolph, anti-abortionist, member of Army of God militia, the Atlanta Olympic Park bomber - Southeastern States Alliance militia group, leader is arrested in plot to bomb energy faculties with the goal of causing power outages in Florida and Georgia. - Third Continental Congress militia members are arrested while planning attacks on military bases which they believed were being used to train United Nations troops to attack U.S. citizens. - Viper Team militia members arrested on suspicion of plotting violence against Federal buildings. (see also article on Hutaree which includes extensive information on militias)
The ADL published Terrorist Conspiracies, Plots and Attacks by Right-wing Extremists, 1995-2015. This report has entries divided by year, and notes:
” What follows is a select list of terrorist plots, conspiracies and acts committed by right‐wing extremists during the period 19952015. It is not a comprehensive list of all rightwing violence. Many murders, including unplanned or spontaneous acts of violence, are not included here, nor are thousands of lesser incidents of violence. Such a compilation would be book-length. Rather, this list focuses only on premeditated plots or acts by right‐wing extremist individuals or groups that rise to the level of attempted or actual domestic terrorism. Even narrowly construed, this list of incidents dramatically demonstrates the wide scope, great intensity and undeniable danger of right‐wing violence in the United States.”
Charles Kurzman & David Schanzer in the NYT reported on The growing right-wing terror threat which references statistics from surveys. They note: “The Global Terrorism Database maintained by the Start Center at the University of Maryland includes 65 attacks in the United States associated with right wing ideologies and 24 by Muslim extremists since 9/11.” The Duke Chronicle discusses and adds to the NYT article The untold threat: growing right-wing terrorism which discusses a double standard in coverage of crimes by different groups.
CNN reports on a 2015 DHS report warns of domestic terror threat. This article includes an interactive map of sovereign citizen violence across the U.S. since 2010.
Molly Weasley reports New study confirms: Biggest U.S. terror threats from right wing, not Islam discussing data from a New America Foundation report. She notes:
... right-wing extremists have killed 48 people in the United States since the attacks of Sept. 11, 2001, compared with 26 fatalities by Islamic terrorists in the U.S. over the same period. The killing of nine people while they were at prayer in a Bible study at Emanuel AME Church in Charleston, S.C., is just the latest incident. Don’t forget that admitted shooter and admitted white supremacist Dylann Roof said he wanted to start a race war. ...
And, following a number of anti-Muslim demonstrations at mosques across the country, and the foiling of a number of plots, concerns are being raised about the increased right-wing threats to American Muslims: — The FBI Believes Militia Extremists Are Beginning to Target Muslim Institutions— FBI Intelligence Bulletin: Militia Extremists Expand Target Sets To Include Muslims — ‘Enlightened’ USA: FBI warns of right wing militia attacks against Muslims — ‘Likelihood for blood will be high’: Anti-Muslim militia man threatens bloodshed at October Farrakhan rally — Phoenix’s Jon Ritzheimer plans global anti-Islam protest on 10/10/2015 — Australian police to monitor 10/10 protests at mosques
And yet, the anti-Muslim hate machine continues to rail against any possibility that we should be concerned about this source of violence. They call the FBI, DHS and other government reports “ridiculous”. Robert Spencer goes so far as to say: “As I told WND, the insidious goal of this libel is to stigmatize opposition to jihad terror, so that the jihad can advance unimpeded. That the FBI would be abetting the propagation of this libel is yet another new low for the Obama-era intelligence apparatus.”
Some articles on “religious” extremism and terrorism
- A Terrorist By Any Other Name, Jane Chastain
- A long history of injustice ignored article collection
- A spiritual jihad against terrorism, Sheila Musaji
- A new face for racism and fascism
- Against the Nihilism of Terror: Jihad as Testimony to Transcendence, Dr. S. Pervez Manzoor
- American Foreign Policy on Genocide
- Anatomy of Terror, John Chuckman
- Are Mexico’s Drug Cartels Terrorist Groups? http://www.slate.com/articles/news_and_politics/foreigners/2010/04/are_mexicos_drug_cartels_terrorist_groups.html
- Bomb attacks on the rise again in Ireland http://www.loonwatch.com/2011/05/bomb-attacks-on-the-rise-in-ireland-what-if-they-were-muslim/
- Can Only Muslims Be Terrorists, Kamran Memon
- The Changing Face of Genocide, Mark Levine
- Christian extremist organizations TAM article collection
- Christian extremist statements (TAM article collection)
- Christian terrorism http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christian_terrorism
- Christian terrorism - the Islamic mirror
- Christian violence in history
- Cruelty and Violence in the Bible
- Deaths by Mass Unpleasantness: Estimated Totals for the Entire 20th Century
- DEATH TOLLS for 20th Century Wars
- Defending Christian Terrorism
- Detailed database of global terrorism incidents
- Domestic terrorism in the U.S.
- Double Standards, Dubious Morality and Duplicity of the Fight Against Terror, Robert Fisk
- Dresden, Tokyo, Hiroshima, and Nagasaki: Terror on a Monumental Scale, Patrick J. Buchanan
- Fearsome extremists massing in their pews, Jonathan liu
- Hirabah - Jihad - Terrorism - Violence - Just War - Crusades - article collection
- History of the car bomb
- Islam is not the source, but the solution to terrorism, Harun Yahya
- Jewish extremist organizations TAM article collection
- Jewish extremist statements
- Judeo-Christians: Pied Pipers for Serial War, Charles E. Carlson
- List of terrorist incidents by year
- List of Zionist terror incidents and 
- List of non state terrorist incidents http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_non-state_terrorist_incidents
- Looking Away, Stephen Holmes
- Mass Crimes Against Humanity in the Last 50 Years
- Media Asked Not to Call Miami Terror Suspects Muslims
- Muslim Holocausts and Genocide Remembrance Day, M.A.T.
- Myth of Muslim Support for Terror, Kenneth Ballen
Nationalists pose bigger threat than al-Qaeda, Robert Lambert (list of nationalist terror plots in the UK) http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/2011/07/201172482841769458.html
- Not All Muslims Are Terrorists, But…, Hesham A. Hassaballa
- Not all terrorists are Muslim, Iftekhar Hai
- Not All Terrorists Are Muslims, the latest falsehood from the advocates of civilizational war, Shahid Alam
- The not-so-great Islamist menace http://muslimmatters.org/2011/01/10/vancouver-sun-the-not-so-great-islamist-menace/
- 9 “The other kind of terror”, David Neiwert
- Realpolitic and terrorism - article collection
- Religious Extremism, Religious RightTAM article collection
- Religious terrorism is an oxymoron, Sheila Musaji
- Soldiers of Christ, Sit Down Kevin Beck
- Terrorist attacks within the U.S. or on Americans abroad
- Through the Looking Glass: Muslim Timeline for World Rule, Sheila Musaji
- U.S. State Dept. list of significant terrorist incidents 1961-2003
- Violence in the name of God
- Violence in Christian Theology, J. Denny Weaver
- The War on Terrorism: Muslims Look for Responsible Journalism Mahboob Khawaja
- When terrorism is not news largest bombmaking hoard discovered in Britain
- Whose taking the blame for Christian violence?, Calvin White
some articles on double standards regarding what constitutes terrorism
A terrorist by any other name, Jon Pahl http://www.commongroundnews.org/article.php?id=27612&lan=en&sid=1&sp=0&isNew=1
Actually, Many Muslim Terrorists Are as Unbalanced as Jared Loughner, Cord Jefferson http://www.good.is/post/like-jared-loughner-many-muslim-terrorists-suffer-from-mental-health-issues/
Hate rhetoric is escalating into violence, Sheila Musaji (with lists of politically motivated threats and actual incidents of violence including many terrorist acts for whom the perpetrator is not yet known) http://www.theamericanmuslim.org/tam.php/features/articles/hate_rhetoric_is_escalating_into_violence/0018003
Hutaree Militia Arrests Point to Tripling of Militias since 2008 http://www.csmonitor.com/USA/Justice/2010/0329/Hutaree-militia-arrests-point-to-tripling-of-militias-since-2008
Militia Movement: Extremism in America, ADL http://www.adl.org/learn/ext_us/militia_m.asp?xpicked=4&item=19
Militias Seen as Gaining Strength http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2010-04-16-militia-movement-on-the-rise_N.htm
Officials See Rise In Militia Groups Across US, Eileen Sullivan http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2009/08/12/officials-see-rise-in-mil_n_257128.html
Oklahoma City bombing: Is 1995 repeating itself today?, Peter Grier http://www.csmonitor.com/USA/2010/0419/Oklahoma-City-bombing-Is-1995-repeating-itself-today
Perceptions of terrorism, post 9/11, Erin McIver http://www.themontrealreview.com/2009/Perceptions-of-Terrorism.php
The Return of Christian Terrorism, Mark Juergensmeyer http://religiondispatches.org/archive/religionandtheology/2432/the_return_of_christian_terrorism________/
Some terrorism scares are more useful than others http://emptywheel.firedoglake.com/2011/01/20/some-terrorism-scares-are-more-useful-than-other-terrorism-scares/
Todays Eerie Similarities to Oklahoma City, Aitan Goelman http://www.politico.com/news/stories/0410/35993.html
Was Joseph Stack a terrorist, Kevin Drum http://motherjones.com/kevin-drum/2010/02/was-joseph-stack-terrorist
What Americans Can Do to Discourage Future McVeighs, Kathleen Parker http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2010/04/16/AR2010041603842.html
What if they were Muslim http://whatiftheyweremuslim.com/
Why are Mexican drug cartels not listed as terrorist organizations http://tucsoncitizen.com/view-from-baja-arizona/2010/08/17/mexican-drug-cartels-are-not-listed-as-official-terrorist-organizations/
Why is no one calling Jared Loughner a terrorist http://www.good.is/post/why-is-nobody-calling-jared-loughner-a-terrorist/
Muslim Voices Against Extremism and Terrorism - Resources (collections of articles and references)
- Part I Fatwas
- Part II Statements by Organizations
- Part III Statements and Articles by Individuals
- Part IV A Few Quotes
- Part V The Muslim Majority Who Don’t Get Publicity
- Selective Hearing of Muslim Voices Against Extremism
- Sunni Shia Resource - collection of articles
- Polls, statistics, and surveys relating to Islam and Muslims
- Resources for Responses to Islamophobia and Allegations Against Islam and Muslims
- Claim That All Terrorists are Muslims Ignores History collection of incidents and responses
- RELIGIOUS EXTREMISM - TAM article collection
- Extremist Christian statements
- Extremist Jewish statements
- Islamophobia - Alarming Statements 1 - 2000 and before
- Islamophobia - Alarming Statements 2 - 2001-2005
- Islamophobia - Alarming Statements 3 - 2006-2007
- Mosques that have experienced vandalism or violent incidents
- Islamophobia - Incidents
originally posted 1/7/2007, updated 06/12/08 - and section divided