Minorities, Multiculturalism, Pluralism, Diversity, MUSLIM MINORITY COMMUNITIES - article collection

A Culture of Stereotypes, Tarek Heggy, http://www.heggy.org/recent_articles.htm

Cultural Diversity in Healthcare http://www.ggalanti.com/articles/articles_home_health.html

Cultural Sensitivity is More Than Skin Deep, Tim Sullivan http://www.sltrib.com/2003/Jul/07202003/utah/77049.asp

Dignity and patient Care, Ingrid Mattson http://info.med.yale.edu/intmed/hummed/yjhm/spirit/dignity/imattson.htm

Egalitarianism and Islam http://www.islamicity.com/articles/Articles.asp?ref=IC0306-2009

Fiqh of Minorities, Taha Jabir al Alwani, http://www.isna.net/Library/Papers/fiqh/FiqhofMinorities1.asp

God in a World of God’s, Peter Berger, http://www.firstthings.com/ftissues/ft9308/articles/berger.html

Intergroup Relations Programs: How Effective Are They? http://www.ggalanti.com/articles/articles_home_health.html 

Learning to Appreciate Diversity, Leslie Scriviner http://www.isna.net/news/miniheadlines.asp?cat=0&dismode=article&artid=278

On Pluralism, Intolerance and the Qur’an, Ali S. Asani, http://www.akdn.org/akfisp/HTML/aliarticle.html

Overcoming the Polemics of Intolerance, Louay M. Safi, http://www.amss.net/AJISS/PastIssues/editorial19-3.htm

Pluralism: A Model forSociety, Not an Excuse forAmbiguity, Syed Mohiuddin Ahmed, http://www.theamericanmuslim.org/2003march_comments.php?id=273_0_18_0_C 

Pluralism: essential for Civil society, Javeed Akhter, http://www.theamericanmuslim.org/2003march_comments.php?id=272_0_18_0_C

Pluralism, Tolerance and the Qur’an, Ali Asani http://www.akdn.org/akfisp/HTML/aliarticle.html

Religious Diversity, Implications for Monotheism, Rita Gross, http://www.crosscurrents.org/gross.htm

Understanding Islam: Challenges to Democracy and Plurality, Louay Safi http://home.att.net/~louaysafi/articles/2002/understanding.htm

MUSLIM MINORITY COMMUNITIES

[b/AMERICA see Islam in America http://www.theamericanmuslim.org/2003nov_comments.php?id=440_0_23_0_C

AUSTRALIA
- A History of Muslims in Australia, http://www.islamfortoday.com/australia03.htm

AUSTRIA
- Muslims in Austria http://www.wien.gv.at/english/topical-journal/078.htm

BELGIUM
- Belgium Recognizes Muslim Religious Body http://www.islamonline.net/English/News/2003-07/26/article04.shtml 
- Muslims in Belgium http://www.muslim-lawyers.net/news/index.php3?aktion=show&number=267

BRAZIL
- Brazilian Muslims, http://www.geocities.com/WestHollywood/Park/6443/LatinAmerica/brazil.html

BRITAIN
- Multiculturalism, Muslims and the British State, Tariq Madood, http://www.theamericanmuslim.org/2003may_comments.php?id=134_0_20_0_C 
- Building New Medinas in These Sceptered Isles, Jonathan Birt, http://www.theamericanmuslim.org/2002aug_comments.php?id=22_0_13_0_C
- Crisis of Criminality in Muslim Community in Britain, Yahya Birt, http://www.islamfortoday.com/birt01.htm
- Islam and Britain, Dr. Peter Clark, http://www.islamfortoday.com/mutualities.htm 
-Muslims, Mosques Attacked in UK http://www.rediff.com/us/2001/sep/18uk.htm

BULGARIA
- Islam in Bulgaria http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islam_in_Bulgaria

BURMA
-Muslim Minorities Attacked in Myanmar http://english.aljazeera.net/NR/exeres/9E2F1B0B-F3F4-4E1C-8AB9-6A5D7C53A108.htm
-Muslims Killed in Burma http://www.muslimnews.co.uk/news/news.php?article=6675
-Arson Attack on Burmese Mosque http://www.muslimnews.co.uk/news/news.php?article=6383
see also CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY http://theamericanmuslim.org/2003nov_comments.php?id=450_0_23_0_C

CAMBODIA
- Muslims in Cambodia, http://www.islamfortoday.com/cambodia.htm

CANADA
- Oh, Canada, Whose Land, Whose Dream?, Anab Whitehouse, http://muslim-canada.org/ocanada.pdf
- A Century of Islam in Canada, http://www.isna.net/Horizons/article.asp?issueid=18&artid=1&catid=4&fromall=1

CEYLON
-Atheist Terrorists (Tamil Tigers) http://christianity.about.com/cs/warandpeace/a/terroristmyths.htm

CHECHNYA
- Open Season on Chechnya, Jackson Diehl, http://iviews.com/articles/Articles.asp?ref=WP0307-2028
see also CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY http://theamericanmuslim.org/2003nov_comments.php?id=450_0_23_0_C

CHINA
- Muslims in China, http://www.ehalal.net/china/overview.html
- China Cracks Down on Muslims, http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/asia-pacific/1887335.stm
- Uyghur Human Rights Coalition, http://www.uyghurs.org/human_rights.htm
see also CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY http://theamericanmuslim.org/2003nov_comments.php?id=450_0_23_0_C
- Islam in Northwest China http://news.ibn.net/newsframe.asp?url=http://www.antiwar.com/matuszak/?articleid=2535
- Chinese Muslims Forge Isolated Path http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/3656180.stm

CUBA
- Islam in Cuba, http://www.geocities.com/WestHollywood/Park/6443/LatinAmerica/cuba.html

DENMARK
- Islam in Denmark http://www.geocities.com/WestHollywood/Park/6443/Europe/Denmark/denmark.html
- Islam, Media and Minorities in Denmark http://csi.sagepub.com/cgi/content/short/48/4/95
- Denmark Targets Imams http://www.islam-online.net/English/News/2003-09/20/article02.shtml

ECUADOR
- Islam in Ecuador, http://www.geocities.com/WestHollywood/Park/6443/LatinAmerica/ecuador.html

ETHIOPIA
- Islam in Ethiopia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islam_in_Ethiopia

EUROPE GENERALLY
- Intolerance in Europe http://www.albalagh.net/current_affairs/0041.shtml
- EU Fans Fear of Muslims http://www.muslimnews.co.uk/news/news.php?article=7343
- An Explosive Relationship http://www.economist.com/agenda/displayStory.cfm?story_id=2569554
- Muslims in Europe: the State of Research http://users.fmg.uva.nl/jrath/downloads/@RSF%20European%20Research%20on%20Islam%20and%20Muslims.pdf 
- Christians and Muslims in Europe: Perspectives for Dialogue http://www.sedos.org/english/fitzgerald.html
- Islam and Muslims in Europe (map and demographics) http://www.geocities.com/WestHollywood/Park/6443/Europe/ 
- Europe’s Muslim Victims http://groups.yahoo.com/group/IslamicNewsUpdates/message/4992
- Europe’s Theocons Rally Their Forces http://www.guardian.co.uk/religion/Story/0,2763,1365417,00.html
- Muslims in Greater Europe http://www.islam-online.net/English/Views/2004/07/article01.shtml
- Perspectives on Islam in Europe http://www.geocities.com/WestHollywood/Park/6443/Europe/perspectives.html
- Islam’s Third Run for Europe http://www.geocities.com/WestHollywood/Park/6443/Fastest/third.html 
- Muslims in Western Europe http://www.geocities.com/WestHollywood/Park/6443/Fastest/westeurope.html
- Do Muslims Belong in Christian Europe http://www.geocities.com/WestHollywood/Park/6443/Fastest/christianeurope.html

FRANCE
- U.S. Queries French Move on Religious Symbols, Alan Cooperman, http://smh.com.au/articles/2003/12/19/1071337159327.html
- Opinions Divided Over French anti-Hijab Law, http://www.altmuslim.com/headlines_comments.php?id=1145_0_24_0_C
- Intolerance Towards Islam http://www.islamonline.net/English/Views/2003/12/article05.shtml
- True Image of Muslims in France http://www.islamonline.net/English/News/2003-04/20/article13.shtml

GERMANY
- Muslims in Germany, http://www.pastornet.net.au/jmm/aame/aame0488.htm
- German Muslims, http://www.geocities.com/anjasbuch/anja5e.html
- Islam in Germany http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islam_in_Germany

GHANA
- Islam in Ghana http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islam_in_Ghana

GREECE
- Turkish PM Visits Muslim Minority http://www.muslimnews.co.uk/news/news.php?article=7329

GUYANA
- Muslims in Guyana http://www.geocities.com/WestHollywood/Park/6443/Guyana/guyanese_muslim.html
- Muslim Situation in the Carribbean http://www.geocities.com/WestHollywood/Park/6443/Guyana/carribean.html

HOLLAND
- Islam in Holland, http://leb.net/pipermail/lexington-net/2000-January/001757.html 
- 2004 Tough Year for Dutch Muslims http://www.islamonline.net/English/News/2004-12/29/article06.shtml
- Dutch Religious and Ethnic Crisis http://www.guardian.co.uk/international/story/0,3604,1349346,00.html
- Anti-Muslim Violence in Netherlands http://groups.yahoo.com/group/IslamicNewsUpdates/message/4933
- Dutch Muslim Candidates Hope for EU Seats http://www.islam-online.net/English/News/2004-06/11/article08.shtml
- First Muslim Appointed to Amsterdam’s City Council http://www.islam-online.net/English/News/2004-02/04/article01.shtml
- Report Says Dutch are Polarized http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/3417429.stm

INDIA
-Babri Masjid Demolished http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/cms.dll/html/uncomp/articleshow?msid=11514
- KAC Expresses Sympathy with Sikhs http://www.khalistan.net/jointAjFai.htm
- Gujarat City Elects Muslim Mayor http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/low/south_asia/2955241.stm

IRELAND
- Muslims in the Republic of Ireland, http://www.islamfortoday.com/ireland.htm

ITALY
- Rising Tide of Muslims in Italy, http://www.csmonitor.com/2003/1110/p07s01-woeu.htm
-ITALIAN PRIME MINISTER Silvio Berlusconi, Anti-Muslim Remarks http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/1569068.stm 
- Islam in Italy http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islam_in_Italy

JAPAN
- History of Islam in Japan http://www.geocities.com/WestHollywood/Park/6443/Japan/history.html
- Japan and Islam http://www.geocities.com/WestHollywood/Park/6443/Japan/komura.html

LATIN AMERICA
- Islam in Latin America http://www.geocities.com/WestHollywood/Park/6443/LatinAmerica/latin.html
- History of Muslims in Latin America http://www.geocities.com/WestHollywood/Park/6443/LatinAmerica/adosimpo.html

LATVIA
- Latvia’s Muslim Community Reaches Out http://www.muslimnews.co.uk/news/news.php?article=6839

LEBANON
- Aspects of Christian Muslim Relations in Contemporary Lebanon, George J. Hajjar, http://macdonald.hartsem.edu/articles_hajjar.htm

MACEDONIA
- Killing of Seven “Terrorists” Staged for America http://news.independent.co.uk/europe/story.jsp?story=517023
- Macedonia Accused of Killing 7 Pakistani’s http://www.muslimnews.co.uk/news/news.php?article=7283

MEXICO
- Mexico Discovers Islam, http://www.geocities.com/WestHollywood/Park/6443/LatinAmerica/mexico1.html
- Ramadan in Mexico, http://www.islamonline.net/English/News/2002-11/25/article51.shtml
- Islam Taking Root in Southern Mexico http://www.geocities.com/WestHollywood/Park/6443/LatinAmerica/mexico.html
- Spanish Muslim Mission Grows in Mexico http://www.geocities.com/WestHollywood/Park/6443/LatinAmerica/mexico2.html

NIGERIA
- Christian Muslim Relations in Nigeria, Akintunde Akinade, http://macdonald.hartsem.edu/articles_akinade.htm
-Mosques Attacked in Nigeria http://www.dawn.com/2001/06/23/int7.htm
see also CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY http://theamericanmuslim.org/2003nov_comments.php?id=450_0_23_0_C
- Beyond Miss World http://www.islamonline.net/english/Views/2003/02/article04.shtml

NORWAY
- Muslims in Norway, http://www.aftenposten.no/english/local/article.jhtml?articleID=662218
- Islamic Pioneer Spirit in Norway, http://www.apollon.uio.no/2001_2/english/mosques.shtml 

PAKISTAN
- Christian Muslim Relations in Pakistan, Mahan Mirza, http://macdonald.hartsem.edu/articles_mirza.htm

PANAMA
- A Brief History of Muslims in Panama, http://www.geocities.com/WestHollywood/Park/6443/LatinAmerica/panama.html

PERU
- History of Muslims in Peru http://www.uga.edu/islam/peru.html

PHILIPPINES
- Enduing Freedom for the Moros, Amir Butler,  http://www.twf.org/News/Y2002/0215-Moros.html
- Philippines Next Target?, Eric Margolis, http://www.twf.org/News/Y2002/0126-Philippines.html
- Manila Muslims Reject Controversial ID Plan http://www.cair-net.org/asp/article.asp?id=33043&page=NB
see also CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY http://theamericanmuslim.org/2003nov_comments.php?id=450_0_23_0_C
- Interfaith Work in the Philippines http://soundvision.com/info/interfaith/travis.asp
- Chronology for Philippines and Guam in Spanish American War http://www.loc.gov/rr/hispanic/1898/chronphil.html
- Phillipine American War http://www.historyguy.com/PhilipineAmericanwar.html

RUSSIA see also Muslim Majority Communities (Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan,  Uzbekistan, etc.)
-Irkutsk Mosque Attacked http://www.muslimnews.co.uk/news/news.php?article=6232
-Mosques Raided in Volga http://www.muslimnews.co.uk/news/news.php?article=7023

SCOTLAND
- Muslims in Scotland Fear Racism http://thescotsman.scotsman.com/index.cfm?id=960242004

SPAIN
- Spain’s Islamic Past, Gerald Butt, http://www.islamfortoday.com/spain01.htm
- Mosque Signals Muslim Return to Spain, http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/3055377.stm
-The Spanish Ummah http://www.geocities.com/WestHollywood/Park/6443/LatinAmerica/spanish.html
- Spain Seeks to Control What Imams Preach http://www.muslimnews.co.uk/news/news.php?article=7301 

SWEDEN
- Muslims in Sweden http://www.emz-berlin.de/projekte/pdf/Muslims_in_Schweden.pdf
- Depiction of Islam in Sweden http://www.geocities.com/WestHollywood/Park/6443/Europe/Sweden/depiction.html

SWITZERLAND
- Muslims in Switzerland Fear Witch Hunt http://www.muslimnews.co.uk/news/news.php?article=7216

THAILAND
- Muslims in Thailand, http://www.mahidol.ac.th/Thailand/religion/r_muslim.html
-Thai Muslim Lawyer Missing http://www.muslimnews.co.uk/news/news.php?article=7113
- A Long History of Persecution Unrecorded, Farish Noor http://www.muslimwakeup.com/mainarchive/000760.php#more
- Massacre of 84 Muslims in Thailand http://www.muslimwakeup.com/mainarchive/2004/10/001399print.php
- Fallout From Thailand PM’s Campaign of Violence http://www.afpc.org/asm/asm77.shtml 
- Muslims Rally Rejecting Violence http://www.islamonline.net/English/News/2001-06/23/article8.shtml 
- Thailand Islamic Insurgency http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/war/thailand2.htm
- Thailand’s Restive South http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/3955543.stm 
- Two More Bombs Explode in Thailand’s Troubled South http://www.politinfo.com/articles/article_2004_10_29_5346.html
- Thailand Drops Democracy http://www.newamericancentury.org/thailand-20041004.htm
- Thailand Releases 900 Detainees http://www.islamonline.com/cgi-bin/news_service/world_full_story.asp?service_id=1218
- Muslims Try to Defuse Tensions in South http://www.islamonline.net/English/News/2003-09/14/article06.shtml
- Malaysia Reacts to Killings of Muslims in Thailand http://www.atimes.com/atimes/Southeast_Asia/FJ30Ae02.html 
- Muslim Teacher Killed in Thailand http://www.dailytimes.com.pk/default.asp?page=story_1-12-2004_pg4_8

TIBET
- A History of Muslims in Tibet, http://www.tibet.com/Muslim/tibetan-muslim.html 
- Muslims in Tibet http://www.geocities.com/WestHollywood/Park/6443/Tibet/

VIETNAM
- History of Islam in Vietnam, http://www.angelfire.com/vt/vietnamesemuslims/hstry.html


MUSLIM AMERICANS (AND EUROPEANS) AT RISK?

Is the Internment of muslim Americans Looming Ahead? by Mahjabeen Islam
http://www.pakistanlink.com/Opinion/2003/March/28/17.html

The Quandary of Muslim-Americans by Ahmad Faruqui at
http://www.pakistanlink.com/Opinion/2003/March/28/17.html

Margins and Mainstreams, Asma Barlas, http://theamericanmuslim.org/2003jan_comments.php?id=215_0_17_0_C

It Could Happen Here, Laila al-Marayati, http://www.mwlusa.org/publications/opinion/happenhere.htm

Japanese Americans See Similarities to WWII Conditions http://seattlepi.nwsource.com/attack/39283_intern18.shtml

The New Style of Internment http://www.asianweek.com/2001_10_05/opinion_emil.html

Mineta sees Acts of Friendship Towards Arab Americans and Muslims http://usinfo.state.gov/usa/civilrights/mineta.htm

Japanese Americans Recall Internment, Worry That Lessons Not Learned http://www.house.gov/honda/InCongress/Coble/02.23.03_sfchron_coble.pdf

Japenese Internees See Modern Parallels http://www.boston.com/news/nation/articles/2003/11/02/japanese_internees_see_modern_parallels/

Internment Today http://www.jref.com/nikkeiview/article.php?ID=34

Rounding Up The Enemy by Chisun Lee http://www.villagevoice.com/issues/0231/lee.php

and a series of articles at Asia Source at
http://www.asiasource.org/news/at_mp_02.cfm?newsid=63451 which has numerous articles by Japanese Americans who see parallels in current events to what happened to their community during WWII.

Arabs in U.S. Could Be Held, http://www.freep.com/news/metro/civil20_20020720.htm

An article on the same general topic about British Muslims, Tradition or Extradition, Abdal Hakim Murad, http://www.theamericanmuslim.org/2003jan_comments.php?id=235_0_17_30_C

 

 

THE WEST GENERALLY

Muslims in the West, Akbar S. Ahmed, http://muslim-canada.org/livingislam3.html

What Does It Mean To Be A Muslim Today, Riffat Hissan, http://www.crosscurrents.org/hassan.htm

Muslims and European Multiculturalism, Tariq Madood, http://www.opendemocracy.net/themes/article-5-1214.jsp 

Islam in Europe, Nicholas La Quesne, http://www.islamfortoday.com/europe01.htm


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