Muslims Who Fought Against the ‘Real’ Fascists & Nazis
by Sheila Musaji
With the recent increase in the use of the misleading term Islamic Fascists it is important to point out a few facts. There may have been a few Muslims who cooperated with the Nazis/Fascists during the Second World War, but they were a small minority. Most Muslims followed the Qur’anic injunction:
“Oh you who believe, stand up firmly for justice, as witnesses to God, even if it be against yourselves, or your parents, or your kin, and whether it be against rich or poor; for God can best protect both. Do not follow any passion, lest you not be just. And if you distort or decline to do justice, verily God is well-acquainted with all that you do” (Quran 4:135).
As Mas’ood Cajee points out
A growing chorus of voices which exploits the Holocaust for political gain has been trying to smear Muslims — and Arabs in particular — with grand accusations of complicity in the Holocaust and support for the Nazis. These voices serve hawkish interests in Israel and the United States who wish to justify and legitimize continued war, violence, and yes — even genocide — against Muslims and Arabs. Identifying Muslims with and as Nazis eases the task of selling continued bloodshed to war-weary publics. Reading the books and op-eds of the smearers, one could almost conclude absurdly that the Nazi holocaust was an Arab Muslim and not a European Christian project. As evidence, the smearers usually trot out the pro-German Mufti of Jerusalem Amin Al-Husayni and the Bosnian Muslim SS “Handschar” division.
What these smearing Islamophobes don’t like to tell you: the “Mufti” was actually an appointee of the Jewish administrator of British Palestine who completed one measly year at Al-Azhar and betrayed the Ottoman Sultan to join the British. The much-vaunted “Hanschar” SS division — disbanded after a few months due to mass desertions — was the only SS division ever to mutiny.
There is a photo below of Bosnian Muslim anti-Fascist fighters.
Here is a photo of Hitler conversing with the Papal Nuncio, Archbishop Cesare Orsenigo. What does such a photo “prove” about Christianity? Source. There are hundreds of photos of Christian clergy with Hitler, Mussolini, and other Nazis and Fascists.
As I said in an article about the current common usage of the term “Islamic Fascists” - Islamic Fascists? Deceptive Labels & Propaganda are Counterproductive
In just the past few months there has been a rash of articles and blog entries that bring up and expand upon the sad fact that Amin el-Husseini, the Mufti of Jerusalem collaborated with Hitler during WWII. This comes at the same time as President Bush’s use of the term Islamic Fascists appearing to validate a term used over the last few years among those determined to provoke a clash of civilizations. Whether the sudden proliferation in the use of this term (or its’ variants - Islamo-Nazi, Islamo-Fascist, etc.) and the articles attempting to find some connection with Islam and the Nazis and Fascists is simply a case of extremists feeding off of each other in our world of almost instantaneous communication, or is due to a calculated campaign is debatable, but the end result is an increase in Islamophobia and mutual distrust. Such stereotyping all too often leads to a dehumanization of the “other” and has historically been the precursor to isolation, discrimination, and violence. Such descriptions also blur distinctions and create an atmosphere in which the “enemy” becomes most or all Muslims.
Robert Duncan’s article “Islamic terrorism linked to Nazi fascists” on Renew America uses the Mufti/Hitler photo as justification for President Bush’s use of the term Islamic Fascists. Others who have jumped on this bandwagon are Jonah Goldberg in “The Swastica and the Scimitar”, Gene Pinkam, Alan Dershowitz, Timothy Furnish (who is opposed to the use of the term, but whose ‘reasons’ for that opposition still play into the same mindset, Daniel Johnson, etc. Little Green Footballs showed archival footage of Hitler and the Mufti, a number of blogs are referring to a photo of Hitler together with the Grand Mufti, and Daveed Gartenstein-Ross even stretches the Mufti’s aberrational behavior to include a generalized “Muslim World’s sympathy with the axis alliance”. And, the propoganda film “Obsession: Radical Islam’s War Against the West” is being shown across the U.S. and Canada and attempts to make this same connection.
Robert Spencer said “The misbegotten term “Islamo-fascism” is wholly redundant: Islam itself is a kind of fascism that achieves its full and proper form only when it assumes the powers of the state.” Spencer also said “The term “Islamo-Fascists” no more blames the religion of Islam than the term “Italian Fascism” blames Italy for fascism. It merely refers to those Muslims—who obviously really exist—who invoke Islam to justify violence and supremacism, whether they are invoking Islamic doctrines correctly or not.”
In fact, Spencer, and his partner Pamela Geller use the term “fascists” and “brownshirts” and “nazis” so often in relation to Muslims that it is for them commonplace. Another associate of Spencer and Geller in the Islamophobia industry, David Horowitz, even holds an annual “Islamo-Fascism Awareness Week” on college campuses.
This is a pointless attempt at justifying stereotyping and Islamophobia. Certainly there were some Muslims who were Nazis or Fascists, but they were a small minority compared to all of those who fought against the Nazis and the Fascists.
... The actual Nazi party originated in Germany, a predominantly Christian country. The actual Facists came out of Italy, another predominantly Christian country. The Nazis and Fascists were predominantly Christians. Christianity had a role in the rise and fall of the Nazi’s. The Vatican signed a concordat with Hitler’s Reich. The Catholic responses to Hitler were ambiguous at least. There are numerous photographs of Hitler with various Christian clergy including Archbishop Cesare Orsenigo, the papal nuncio in Berlin, and with a Catholic Cardinal, Spanish and German Bishops giving Nazi and Fascist salutes, Cardinal Michael Faulhaber marching in a Nazi parade, the Reich Bishop Ludwig Muller, and many more that are still available. There are also numerous photographs of Christian symbols in Nazi artifacts. And, photographs of Nazi soldiers praying in churches. (One such photo at bottom of this page)
Hitler himself referred to Christianity as a foundation for his beliefs: “The National Government will regard it as its first and foremost duty to revive in the nation the spirit of unity and cooperation. It will preserve and defend those basic principles on which our nation has been built. It regards Christianity as the foundation of our national morality, and the family as the basis of national life.” Source: My New World Order, Proclamation to the German Nation at Berlin, February 1, 1933
The Christian connection with the Nazis and Fascists was widespread and well-documented. The Muslim connection was minimal. And, just as there were Christians who resisted and fought against the Nazi and Fascist regimes there were also many Muslims who fought against this evil worldview.
The holocaust was a terrible stain on humanity, and there were villains and heroes everywhere. The Mufti of Jerusalem was one of the villains and will have to answer to God for his crimes.
The bottom line is that all of those who participate in, cooperate with, or do not speak out against evil (no matter what their religion) bring shame on the human race, and all of those who stand for justice and compassion give us all hope.
All too often the Muslim and Arab soldiers who fought with the Allies are the forgotten heroes. In the U.S. alone, over 15,000 Arab Americans served in WWII. You can see some photographs of Muslim soldiers buried in military cemeteries in Europe here. And, there are crescents among the crosses at Arlington military cemetery. In the French Military Cemetery in Rome, Italy, there are 1,888 burials. It is a modest cemetery for 1,700 French Expeditotionary Corps soldiers, mainly Moroccans and Algerians. The cemetery is at the end of a small road, Via dei Casali di S. Spirito. Most of the grave markers bear a Muslim crescent while some have crosses. All, however, bear the inscription “Mort pour la France”.
Arabs and Jews once fought together under the British Flag against the Nazis in the Palestine Regiment. Robert Fisk wrote about the Arabs in the Palestine regiment in an article that opens with this statement: No one remembers the Palestine Regiment. Even this morning, on the actual day of remembrance, few will recall that Arab and Jew once fought together under the British flag against Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy. Even fewer will know the extraordinary story of an Arab and a Jew who fought side by side against Hitler, and then twice fought each other as enemy combatants - in 1948 and 1967 - and of how, in their declining years, they became friends. But in a Middle East in which “hawks” and “doves” and “terrorists” and “security forces” battle to the death, their story provides an extraordinary - and shaming - indictment of both Ariel Sharon and Yasser Arafat. He also writes about other Arab and Muslim soldiers who fought for Britain in battles like El Alamein. There was also an Arab Legion from what was then called Trans-Jordan. In May 1941, the Arab Legion Mechanized Regiment participated against pro-Nazi Rashid Ali who had seized power in Iraq and was attacking British forces located there.
There were many Muslim Merchant Seamen in WWII. In fact, War History reports “If we look at just the ships sunk by U-boats in WW2, we see that over 3,300 Indian crewmembers died in these attacks, of which the overwhelming majority were Muslim.”
Inayat Bunglawala reports in Honor our Muslim soldiers “Inscribed in marble at the Menin Gate Memorial to the Missing in Ypres, Belgium, are the names of 54,896 soldiers of Britain and the Commonwealth who died in the Ypres Salient in the first world war and whose graves are unknown. The German army had surrounded Ypres on three sides and subjected it to bombardment throughout much of the war as it stood in the path of its plans to occupy the rest of Belgium. Among the dead recorded at the Menin Gate Memorial are Muhammad Aslam, Abdullah Khan, Ahmad Khan, Muhammad Usman and many others with recognisably Muslim names.”
The majority of Allied troops that landed on the beaches of Provence in August, 1944 were “Free French” Muslims from North and West Africa. Thousands of Moroccan and Indian Muslim troops voluntarily served in the liberation of Italy. They risked and gave their lives along with Polish freedom fighters and American GIs at Monte Cassino. Tens of thousands more Soviet Muslim troops bravely served at hellish Stalingrad and Leningrad. All of us should honor and be thankful for their sacrifice in helping end the scourge of Nazism.
Noor Inayat Khan fought against the Nazis and was killed at Dachau concentration camp. See Noor-un-Nisa Inayat Khan, d. Dachow, Poland, 1944 In 2012 she was honored by Britain with a bronze bust memorializing her heroism. Her photo is at the top of this page. The photo below is from Chez Chiara
The stories of Muslim rescuers of Jews are largely unknown and unpublished. Only in the past fifteen years have Holocaust researchers brought a few to the public’s attention. Yad Vashem and other Holocaust memorial groups have honored several Muslims (whose courageous stories we have been able to confirm) as Righteous Gentiles. 70 Muslims are named by Yad Vashem as “Righteous Among the Nations” for aiding Jews in North Africa, Turkey and Albania during the Nazi era.
Bulgarian Christians and Muslims protected Jews from the Nazis.
Albania was the only Muslim majority country in Europe. Albania not only saved Albanian Jews from the Nazis, but, in fact, Albania was the only country in Europe that had a larger Jewish population at the end of the war than before the war. Not one Albanian Jew or any other Jew who came to Albania for protection was turned over to the Nazis. There was a film called “The Optimists” which tells the virtually unknown story of how 50,000 Jews living in Bulgaria survived the Holocaust despite intensive Nazi efforts to deport them to death camps. Fifty thousand Jews didn’t die because Bulgarian Christians and Muslims found ways to protect Jews from their would-be murderers. - - The Albanian Refik Vesili who — as a 16-year-old — saved eight Jews by hiding them in his family’s mountain home. - The English-Albanian plaque in the Jewish Corner of Tirana’s National Museum lists the names of 33 Muslim Albanians who have been honored by Yad Vashem, and leaves space for other people “whose names remain unrecorded.”
The New Jew site notes “What made the Albanians refuse to comply with the Nazis when almost everyone else did? Their strong Muslim beliefs. Here is one man’s explanation: “Why did my father save a stranger at the risk of his life and the entire village?” asked Enver Alia Sheqer, son of Righteous Among the Nations Ali Sheqer Pashkaj, who is featured in the exhibition. “My father was a devout Muslim. He believed that to save one life is to enter paradise.”
300,000 Moroccan Jews in Israel mourned the death of King Hassan of Morocco in 1999.
His father, Mohammed V, is widely credited with having saved Morocco’s Jews from deportation during World War II, and Hassan continued the philo-Semitic policies of his father. Although there was an outbreak of anti-Jewish incidents following the establishment of the State of Israel in 1948, the Jewish community was generally safe under the protection of both Mohammed and Hassan, who proudly considered the Jews “Moroccans of Jewish origin.
The sons of World War II Jewish communal leaders, related stories of regional governors in Morocco who gave Jewish leaders matches and told them to burn the list of the names, addresses and assets of local Jews. Without lists, it was more difficult to deport the Jews and confiscate their assets.
Robert Satloff reported in a NYT article that ”Arabs welcomed Jews into their homes, guarded Jews’ valuables so Germans could not confiscate them, shared with Jews their meager rations and warned Jewish leaders of coming SS raids. The sultan of Morocco and the bey of Tunis provided moral support and, at times, practical help to Jewish subjects. In Vichy-controlled Algiers, mosque preachers gave Friday sermons forbidding believers from serving as conservators of confiscated Jewish property. In the words of Yaacov Zrivy, from a small town near Sfax, Tunisia, “The Arabs watched over the Jews.” I found remarkable stories of rescue, too. In the rolling hills west of Tunis, 60 Jewish internees escaped from an Axis labor camp and banged on the farm door of a man named Si Ali Sakkat, who courageously hid them until liberation by the Allies. In the Tunisian coastal town of Mahdia, a dashing local notable named Khaled Abdelwahhab scooped up several families in the middle of the night and whisked them to his countryside estate to protect one of the women from the predations of a German officer bent on rape.” He also tells the story of Yehuda Chachmon, a Libyan Jew interned in an Italian camp in Giado. “The Arab camp guards opted out of the sadistic torture inflicted on Jews and other prisoners by the Italians. Of the 2,600 Jews in the Giado camp 562 died in less than a year. The Italian guards treated the Jews with brutality; the attitude of the Arab guards under the Italians was excellent. They even found secret ways to ease our discomfort.”
The Tunisian Khaled Abdul-Wahab was nominated as the first Arab to be declared a Righteous among the Nations at the Jewish Holocaust Memorial Yad Vashem. But his efforts were rejected two years later on the grounds that Abdul-Wahab did not risk his life, as he did not act against Tunisian law while caring for two Jewish families when their house was confiscated during the German occupation. Whether or not he should be included is still in dispute. Also in Tunisia, in Tunisia, the wartime rulers Ahmed Pasha Bey and his cousin Moncef Bey offered vital public support for Jews facing Vichy persecution. “They regularly warned Jewish leaders of German plans, helped Jews avoid arrest orders, intervened to prevent deportations, and even hid Jews so they could evade the Germans. Moncef Bey is remembered fondly by Tunisian Jews. “He gave the Jews equal treatment,” declared Shlomo Barad. “He did not allow them to be discriminated.”
- The Bosnians - Not only did Dervis and Servet Korkut hide many Jews from the local pro-Nazi regime, including a young Jewish woman resistance fighter named Mira Bakovic, but Dervis Korkut saved the precious Sarajevo Haggadah, concealing it in his home and thus keeping the 14th-century volume, the best known illuminated Hebrew manuscript, intact.
Selahattin Ulkumen, the Turkish Consul at Rhodes, whose rescue of several dozen Jews from certain extermination at Auschwitz led to the death of his wife Mihrinissa when the Nazis retaliated against him. One example is that of Bernard Turiel was born in 1934 in Rhodes, an island off the coast of Turkey. Turiel, his father and his brother were in prison, awaiting transport to Auschwitz. They were saved by the courageous efforts of Selahattin Ulkumen, a Muslim, who insisted that due to the treaty between Germany and Turkey, Turkish citizens, including Jews, could not be deported. If not for the heroic measures of the Turks, none of this would have been possible. ”They were our saviors,” Turiel said. They met again in 1988, when the Anti-Defamation League of B’Nai Brith presented Ulkumen it’s ”Courage to Care” award.”
Stanford Shaw, professor of Turkish History at UCLA, has written about the thousands of Jews saved by the Turkish government. “Turkish diplomats in France spent a good deal of time organizing ‘train caravans’ to take Turkish Jews back to Turkey… In addition to providing material assistance to Turkish Jews persecuted in France and other countries occupied by the Nazis in Western Europe, Turkey also helped East European Jews persecuted in countries such as Greece, Lithuania, Romania, Hungary, Yugoslavia and Bulgaria. Right from the start of the war, the Turkish government permitted the Jewish Agency to maintain rescue offices at hotels in Istanbul.”
Republican Turkey due to its neutrality during most of World War II, and its unique geographical proximity to both Europe and the Middle East, Turkey and Turkish diplomats living abroad played an important role for European Jews in danger during World War II and the Holocaust, according to the Anti-Defamation League. Muslim-majority Turkey rescued over 15,000 Turkish Jews and over 100,000 European Jews.
In France, the Central Mosque of Paris served as a shelter for hundreds of French Jewish children being rescued from deportation to death camps. This mosque was built in the 1920s, as an expression of gratitude from France for the over half-million Muslims from its African possessions who fought alongside the French in WWI. About 100,000 of them died in the trenches. A film has been made about the WWII Muslim rescuers called Their Children Are Like Our Own Children. Another film “Free Man”, traces the heroism of the founder of the Grand Mosque of Paris in saving Jews from the Nazis. It tells the story of Algerian-born Kaddour Benghabrit who rescued Jews in France from the Nazi brutality. Benghabrit provided shelter and Muslim identification documents to scores of Jews to help them escape arrest by Nazi troops. He also used the Grand Mosque of Paris to shelter more than 100 Jews from persecution. (Photo from Islamophobia Today)
Also in Paris, thousands of Iranian Jews and their descendants were saved by an Iranian Muslim diplomat called the Muslim Schindler. A new book. “In The Lion’s Shadow” tells how Abdol-Hossein Sardari risked everything to help fellow Iranians who were Jewish escape the Nazis. Sardari used his influence and German contacts to gain exemptions from Nazi race laws for more than 2,000 Iranian Jews, and possibly others, arguing that they did not have blood ties to European Jewry. He was also able to help many Iranians, including members of Jewish community, return to Tehran by issuing them with the new-style Iranian passports they needed to travel across Europe.
(Note: the image above was not actually taken by Alawa, but is a promotional image showing what the ads are supposed to look like generated by the AFDI itself).
Who’s behind this? Notorious bigots Pamela Geller and Robert Spencer, who are the co-founders of Stop Islamization of America (SIOA)/American Freedom Defense Initiative (AFDI), both of which the Southern Poverty Law Center classifies as hate groups. They’re well known for buying up public ad space to send anti-Islamic messages, specifically putting up New York City subway system ads that called Israel’s enemies “savages” and depicted the exploding Twin Towers beside quotations from the Quran.
These ads are clearly the work of SIOA and AFDI. An AFDI-run IndieGogo page for this project has raised $3,154 of its $20,000 goal for these ads, and the “totally unbiased” IslamicJewHatred.com is just a redirect to Geller’s hate-filled blog. The ad’s banner statement “Islamic Jew-Hatred - It’s in the Quran” is a a long-running catchphrase among members of the far right and Geller in particular.
Classy. Besides blatantly labeling all Muslims as anti-Semites, this isn’t even come close to historically accurate. Haj Amin al-Husseini was not the leader of the “Muslim world,” but the head of the Muslim community of Palestine until 1937 (well before the pictured meeting in 1941), then the head of Jerusalem until 1948. While al-Husseini was almost certainly anti-Semitic and personally recruited Muslim volunteers for the Waffen-SS, the reality is that al-Husseini in 1941 was only the leader of one city. In 1948, Jerusalem commanded a population of just 165,000, of whom only 40,000 were even Muslim.
For the claims about “Islamic Jew-hated” being “in the Quran” — OK. No one would deny that there is a strain of anti-Semitic thinking in some corners of modern Islam or that the Quran contains disparaging references to the Jews. But scholars have a wide range of opinions on how “authentically” Islamic this is, saying modern presentations could be the result of factors ranging from the spread of modern European anti-Semitism to the establishment of the Israeli state.
But cherry-picking phrases from the Quran to plaster Muslims as sword-waving jihadists is wrong. As the Daily Beast’s Arsalan Iftikhar wrote in 2012, when the previous wave of Geller ads hit the NYC subway:
“Imagine how millions of peace-loving Christians would react if they saw a subway advertisement during their morning commute showing cherry-picked Bible quotes such as “I come not to bring peace, but a sword” (Matthew 10:34) or “I have come to cast fire upon the earth; and how I wish it were already kindled” (Luke 12:49-51), trying to wrongfully portray Christianity as a religion of violence. I think it would be fair to say that most fair-minded Americans would be able to see right through the sinister veneer of these blatantly ridiculous advertisements. Now imagine that we are talking about Islam instead of Christianity.”
What to do about it: Geller’s ads have run into court battles before, winning against NYC’s MTA and appearing in San Francisco as well. In Boston, Geller is appealing a decision prohibiting her from purchasing MBTA ad space to run the Twin Towers ads. Another federal appeals court recently rejected her attempts to trademark the SIOA name.
It looks like D.C. has either decided to forgo the court battle or determined it isn’t interested in challenging Geller’s anti-Muslim tirades. But while it’s unfortunate Geller has yet another platform to spread her hate, the best response will likely be measured tolerance and support for fair-minded people all over the world, regardless of race or religion.
Update on May 14th: Geller has confirmed the arrival of the new ads on her blog.
AAI Condemns Iranian President’s Holocaust Denial Gathering http://theamericanmuslim.org/tam.php/features/articles/aai_condemns_iranian_presidents_holocaust_denial_gathering/
A Day of Deep Sorrow: An Imam’s Reflections on Yom Hashoah, Imam Abdullah Antepli http://theamericanmuslim.org/tam.php/features/articles/a_day_of_deep_sorrow_an_imams_reflections_on_yom_hashoah
Albanian Muslims risk their own lives to save Jews from Nazis during World War II http://www.ksdk.com/news/local/story.aspx?storyid=222601&catid=3
American Muslim Delegation Visits U.S. Holocaust Museum, MPAC http://theamericanmuslim.org/tam.php/features/articles/american_muslim_delegation_visits_us_holocaust_museum/
American Muslim Leaders Visit Nazi Concentration Camps, Vanessa Gomez Brake http://illumemagazine.com/zine/articleDetail.php?American-Muslim-Leaders-Visit-Nazi-Concentration-Camps-13248
The Arabs and Nazi Germany: Collaborators and Antagonists, Sonja Hegasy http://theamericanmuslim.org/tam.php/features/articles/the_arabs_and_nazi_germany_collaborators_and_antagonists
THE BIG LIE ABOUT `ISLAMIC FASCISM’, Eric S. Margolis http://theamericanmuslim.org/tam.php/features/articles/the_big_lie_about_islamic_fascism/
Blowback from the GOP’s holy war http://www.salon.com/opinion/feature/2008/02/01/islamophobia/
BOOK REVIEW: American Fascism: The Christian Right and the War on America (Chris Hedges), Carolyn Baker http://theamericanmuslim.org/tam.php/features/articles/book_review_american_fascism_the_christian_right_and_the_war_on_america_chr/
Book: Besa Muslims Who Saved Jews in World War II: the Photographs of Norman H. Gershman http://www.hmh.org/la_Besa_Research.shtml
Book Review: Turkey and The Holocaust:Turkey’s Role in Rescuing Turkish and European Jewry from Nazi Persecution, 1933-1945, Irem Guney http://www.turkishweekly.net/book/17/turkey-and-the-holocaust-turkey%E2%80%99s-role-in-rescuing-turkish-and-european-jewry-from-nazi-persecution-1933-1945.html
Book: Turkey and the Holocaust: Turkey’s Role in Rescuing Turkish and European Jewry From Nazi Persecution, 1933-1945, Stanford Shaw http://www.amazon.com/Turkey-Holocaust-Rescuing-Persecution-1933-1945/dp/0814779603
Britain’s Muslim soldiers http://britainsmuslimsoldiers.com/#/ww-ii/4554736071
British Muslims, Europe and the Holocaust, Yahya Birt http://theamericanmuslim.org/tam.php/features/articles/british_muslims_europe_and_the_holocaust
Christian Right and `Islamo-Facism`, by Dan Jennejohn http://www.globalresearch.ca/index.php?context=viewArticle&code=20060814&articleId=2955
Counterproductive Counterterrorism: How Anti-Islamic Rhetoric is Impeding America’s Homeland Security http://www.mpac.org/article.php?id=354
Collaborators and Antagonists, Sonja Hegasy http://www.qantara.de/webcom/show_article.php?wc_c=476&wc_id=1423
Danger lurks in use of term ‘Islamofascism’ http://www.mlive.com/columns/aanews/index.ssf?/base/news-1/1194536593267670.xml&coll=2
Documentary Review: Uncovering the Obsessions of “Obsession”, David Shasha http://www.theamericanmuslim.org/tam.php/features/articles/documentary_review_uncovering_the_obsessions_of_obsession/
The Disgrace of Holocaust Denial, Hasan Zillur Rahim http://theamericanmuslim.org/tam.php/features/articles/the_disgrace_of_holocaust_denial
“Fascist-Islamophobia”: A Case Study in Totalitarian Demonization - 5 parts, Dr. Robert Dickson Crane http://theamericanmuslim.org/tam.php/features/articles/fascist_islamophobia_a_case_study_in_totalitarian_demonization/
Fascists? Look who’s talking, By Jim Lobe http://www.atimes.com/atimes/Middle_East/HI02Ak04.html
Fighting Words: The Abuse of Islam in Political Rhetoric, L. Ali Khan http://theamericanmuslim.org/tam.php/features/articles/fighting_words_the_abuse_of_islam_in_political_rhetoric/
The forgotten heroes, Muslim soldiers in WWI and WWII http://www.emel.com/article?id=65&a_id=1699
“Free Men” Film Tribute to Paris Muslims who saved Jews http://www.irishtimes.com/newspaper/world/2011/1005/1224305256285.html
“God’s House,” a documentary that chronicles the mission of photographer Norman H. Gershman to bring to light the story of Muslims who saved Jews during World War II http://blogs.wsj.com/speakeasy/2009/11/07/my-grandma-fritzi-movie-star-or-how-a-muslim-king-saved-jews-in-world-war-ii-essay/tab/article/
Holocaust Denial Undermines Islam, Shaykh Hamza Yusuf http://theamericanmuslim.org/tam.php/features/articles/holocaust_denial_undermines_islam
Holocaust truth is told on Muslim soil, Michael Berenbaum http://www.jewishjournal.com/world/article/holocaust_truth_is_told_on_muslim_soil_20110927/
Holocaust’s untold heroes: Their story is rarely told, but Albanian Muslims took in fleeing Jews during World War II, saving thousands of lives, SHAHZADA IRFAN http://www.chron.com/disp/story.mpl/metropolitan/6592238.html
Holocaust exhibit in Israel remembers Muslim “righteous gentiles” http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/1059416.html
David Horowitz’ Islamo-Fascism Awareness Week, An Idea Whose Time Has Passed, Sheila Musaji http://theamericanmuslim.org/tam.php/features/articles/david_horowitz_islamo_fascism_awareness_week_an_idea_whose_time_has_pa
Hostilities Escalate In a War Of Words http://www.theledger.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20060819/COLUMNISTS0402/608190318/1326
How the right played the fascism card against Islam, Albert Scardino http://www.guardian.co.uk/comment/story/0,3604,1405605,00.html
Interview with Norman Gershman: The Muslims who saved Jews http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=112384539
Is it a war with Islamic terrorists? http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/12/22/AR2007122201492.html
Is the Christian Right a Fascist Movement?, John W. Whitehead http://theamericanmuslim.org/tam.php/features/articles/is_the_christian_right_a_fascist_movement/
Islam and Fascism? What Next?, Dr. S. Khurshid http://theamericanmuslim.org/tam.php/features/articles/islam_and_fascism_what_next/
Islamic Fascists? Deceptive Labels & Propaganda are Counterproductive, Sheila Musaji http://theamericanmuslim.org/tam.php/features/articles/islamic_fascists1
Islamic Fascism The New Hysteria, Alan Maass http://www.counterpunch.org/maass09122006.html
Islamic Fascism the Enemy, Not Terror, Says Santorum http://www.cnsnews.com/ViewPolitics.asp?Page=/Politics/archive/200607/POL20060721a.html
Islamic Fascism: The Propaganda of Our Times, by Paul R. Dunn http://www.twf.org/News/Y2006/0906-Fascism.html
Islamic Fascisms?, By ISMAEL HOSSEIN-ZADEH http://www.counterpunch.org/hossein10262006.html
Islamic fascist terminology causing racist reaction, Dave Johnson http://www.huffingtonpost.com/dave-johnson/terror-alerts-causing-gen_b_27630.html
Islamic or Muslim Terrorism and Extremism: Are they all Contradictions in Terms?, Jeremy Henzell-Thomas http://www.theamericanmuslim.org/tam.php/features/articles/islamic_or_muslim_terrorism_and_extremism_are_they_all_contradictions_in_te/
‘Islamic terrorism’ an insult that distorts reality, Jimmy E. Jones http://www.theamericanmuslim.org/tam.php/features/articles/islamic_terrorism_an_insult_that_distorts_reality/
‘Islamo-fascism’ is an Oxymoron, Enver Masud http://www.twf.org/News/Y2005/1025-Oxymorons.html
Islamo-Fascism Awareness Week III - “Annual” 6 month event bombs again, Sheila Musaji http://theamericanmuslim.org/tam.php/features/articles/islamo_fascism_awareness_week_iii_annual_6_month_event_bombs_again
Islamofascism’s ill political wind, James Carroll http://www.boston.com/bostonglobe/editorial_opinion/oped/articles/2008/01/21/islamofascisms_ill_political_wind/
The Islamo-Fascist Rationale for Abandoning Liberty, by Jacob G. Hornberger http://www.informationliberation.com/?id=20973
Islamophobia & Anti-Semitism: Everything Old Is New Again, Sheila Musaji http://theamericanmuslim.org/tam.php/features/articles/comparison-propaganda (with a lengthy TAM article collection)
Islamophobia in the Presidential Elections, Malik Mujahid http://theamericanmuslim.org/tam.php/features/articles/islamophobia_in_the_presidential_elections
Judeo-Christo-Fascism Awareness Week Comes to American Campuses!, Rabbi Arthur Waskow http://theamericanmuslim.org/tam.php/features/articles/judeo_christo_fascism_awareness_week_comes_to_american_campuses/
Moral Superiority, 9/11, Islamic-Fascism - The Smokescreens of War, Imraan Siddiqi http://www.counterpunch.org/siddiqi08052006.html
Muslim Violence, Christian Non-Violence: People in Glass Houses Should Not Throw Words, Sheila Musaji http://www.theamericanmuslim.org/tam.php/features/articles/muslim_violence_christian_non_violence_people_in_glass_houses_should_not_th/
Muslim savior of holocaust Jews http://www.islamophobiatoday.com/2011/10/14/muslim-savior-of-holocaust-jews/
Muslims and Arabs in the U.S. military http://theamericanmuslim.org/tam.php/features/articles/muslims_in_the_military
Muslims are a part of our American heritage, Sheila Musaji http://theamericanmuslim.org/tam.php/features/articles/dear_mr_sheldon_your_facts_regarding_muslim_americans_are_incorrect_he
Muslims Who Saved Jews During the Holocaust, Rebecca Schischa http://blogs.forward.com/the-arty-semite/134920/#ixzz1fqugeWhe
Neo-Kharijite’s Not Islamic Fascists, Dr. Hesham A. Hassaballa http://theamericanmuslim.org/tam.php/features/articles/neo_kharijites_not_islamic_fascists/
Obama/Kerry Incident Proves “Muslim” Is the New “N” Word, Sheila Musaji http://www.theamericanmuslim.org/tam.php/features/articles/obama_kerry_incident_proves_muslim_is_the_new_n_word/
On Holocaust exploiters, deniers, and heroes, Mas’ood Cajee http://theamericanmuslim.org/tam.php/features/articles/on_holocaust_exploiters_deniers_and_heroes
Oxymorons in the News Media, Enver Masud http://www.theamericanmuslim.org/tam.php/features/articles/oxymorons_in_the_news_media/
Religio-Fascists in Our Midst (4 parts), Farish A. Noor http://theamericanmuslim.org/tam.php/features/articles/religious_extremism_religio_fascists_in_our_midst_part_i/
Resources for Responding to Islamo-Fascism Awareness Week, Sheila Musaji http://theamericanmuslim.org/tam.php/features/articles/islamo_fascism_awareness_week/
Remembrance Day: Muslim soldiers in Western Cemeteries with photographs http://www.chezchiara.com/2010/11/remembrance-day-muslim-soldiers-in.html
Righteous Among the Nations: Muslims Who Saved Jews from Holocaust, Tim Townsend http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2010/11/01/project-explores-muslims-_n_777257.html
Saying ‘Islamic Fascists’ May Defeat Bush’s Purpose, Parvez Ahmed http://www.arabnews.com/?page=7§ion=0&article=77812&d=13&m=8&y=2006
“Terrorism” & “Islamo-Fascism” Propaganda Campaigns http://www.ccun.org/Editorials/2007/October%20articles/Terrorism%20&%20Islamo-Fascism%20Propaganda%20Campaigns%20A%20Lecture%20By%20Dr.%20Hassan%20Ali%20El-Najjar.htm
Turkey Served As Safe Haven For Jews During The Holocaust, Margie Burns http://www.raoulwallenberg.net/saviors/diplomats/turkey-served-safe-haven-jews/
This is how Fascism comes: Reflections on the cost of silence, Tim Wise http://theamericanmuslim.org/tam.php/features/articles/this_is_how_fascism_comes_reflections_on_the_cost_of_silence
US primaries anti-Islam terminology due to Muslims’ inaction, absence http://www.khabrein.info/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=11675&Itemid=88
War and Words, by Hendrik Hertzberg http://www.newyorker.com/archive/2006/02/13/060213ta_talk_hertzberg
The War of Jesus and Allah, By Neal AbuNab http://theamericanmuslim.org/tam.php/features/articles/the_war_of_jesus_and_allah/
‘War on Terror’ Rhetoric Sounds Like War on Islam, Parvez Ahmed http://www.theamericanmuslim.org/tam.php/features/articles/war_on_terror_rhetoric_sounds_like_war_on_islam/
War on Terror Produces War of Words, By Mohamed Elshinnawi http://www.voanews.com/english/archive/2006-08/2006-08-17-voa70.cfm
What exactly is fascism? http://people.howstuffworks.com/fascism.htm
What is Islamofascism?, Jack Hunter http://www.charlestoncitypaper.com/gyrobase/Content?oid=oid%3A38540
When Language Grows Darker and Darker, Joan Chittister http://www.theamericanmuslim.org/tam.php/features/articles/when_language_grows_darker_and_darker/
When Muslims Saved Jews, Eboo Patel http://newsweek.washingtonpost.com/onfaith/eboo_patel/2009/06/besa_world_war_ii_re-told.html
Whitehall draws up new rules on language of terror http://politics.guardian.co.uk/homeaffairs/story/0,,2251965,00.html
Who is the Fascist Here?, Charles Evans http://www.opednews.com/articles/opedne_charles__060824_who_is_the_fascist_h.htm
Wrong War, Wrong Word http://www.thenation.com/doc/20060911/pollitt
Yad Vashem Honors Albanian Muslims Among Righteous Gentiles http://thenewjew.wordpress.com/2007/10/30/yad-vashem-honors-albanian-muslims-among-righteous-gentiles/
Yad Vashem: the righteous among the nations http://www1.yadvashem.org/yv/en/righteous/stories/muslim_rescuers.asp
Originally posted 9/4/2006