AAI and 65 Other Civil Society Leaders Call on President Obama to Join Mine Ban Treaty
James Zogby: The Middle East has long known all to well the tragic toll antipersonnel mines take on civilian populations. Our strategic interests in the region would be well served by addressing this human tragedy by signing on to the 1997 Mine Ban Treaty and the 2008 Convention on Cluster Munitions.
WASHINGTON, DC – Leaders from 65 nongovernmental organizations delivered a letter to President Obama today urging the U.S. to relinquish antipersonnel landmines and join the 1997 Mine Ban Treaty without delay.
In the letter delivered to President Obama, civil society leaders stressed the importance of the ban, and stated, “Landmines are indiscriminate killers, whether persistent landmines or those designed to self-destruct after a period of time. They are triggered by the victim and cannot distinguish between an enemy combatant, a U.S. soldier, a mother working in the fields or young children on their way to school. Past and ongoing deployment of these weapons by state armies and non-state groups continues to undermine stability and development, exacerbate human suffering and burden many of the world’s weak and failing states.”
The letter, which first congratulates the administration on initiating the landmine policy review that this group of leaders requested in a letter delivered in February 2009, also urges that the U.S. policy review process is timely, inclusive and aimed at accession to the Mine Ban Treaty. It calls on the President to submit the treaty to the Senate for its advice and consent before the end of 2010.
The United States began a comprehensive landmine policy review in late 2009 at the direction of President Obama. The U.S. has not used antipersonnel mines since 1991 (in the first Gulf War), has not exported them since 1992, has not produced them since 1997 and is the biggest donor to mine clearance programs around the world. However, it still retains 10.4 million stockpiled antipersonnel mines for potential future use and has not joined the 1997 treaty prohibiting the weapon. In 1998 President Clinton set the goal of joining the treaty in 2006, but President Bush reversed course in 2004 and declared the U.S. would not join.
A total of 156 countries are party to the Mine Ban Treaty, including nearly all major U.S. military allies. Civil society leaders note that the use of weapons that disproportionately take the lives and limbs of civilians is wholly counterproductive in today’s conflicts—where winning over the local population is essential to mission success, and that the rest of the world recognizes that the human costs of these weapons far outweigh any perceived military utility.
Through the work of the U.S. Campaign to Ban Landmines (USCBL) and the International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL), campaigners from around the world have been meeting with dozens of U.S. embassies and U.S. representatives during March to urge the U.S. to ban antipersonnel mines and join the Mine Ban Treaty.
Dr. James J. Zogby is founder and president of the Arab American Institute (AAI), a Washington, D.C.-based organization which serves as the political and policy research arm of the Arab American community. A lecturer and scholar on Middle East issues, U.S.-Arab relations, and the history of the Arab American community, Dr. Zogby appears frequently on television and radio, and hosts the award-winning weekly show, “Viewpoint with James Zogby”. Since 1992, Dr. Zogby has also written a weekly column, “Washington Watch”, covering U.S. politics for the major newspapers of the Arab world, and is the author of several books. He has testified before U.S. House and Senate committees, has been guest speaker on a number of occasions in the Secretary’s Open Forum at the U.S. Department of State, and has addressed the United Nations and other international forums.
To read the Original letter to President Obama, please click here