Responses to Misinterpretations, Mistranslations, or False Claims Made About the Qur’an

compiled by Sheila Musaji

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compiled by Sheila Musaji

Professor Alan Godlas has an excellent collection on Qur’an and Qur’anic Interpretation (tafsir) in which he provides many links to academic articles and resources.  This resource includes sections on:  The Qur’an: Introduction, including a glossary of terms used in the Qur’anic sciences; The History of the Compilation of the Qur’an; Critique of the Prevailing View of the Qur’an’s Compilation and Rebuttal; Searchable Translations and Indices of the Qur’an; Online Recitations of the Qur’an, including the science of Qur’anic recitation (tajwid); Free Qur’ans in Print; Tafsir, commentary on the Qur’an; Downloadable Arabic Research Library


1:1-7 (Sura Fateha, the opening)
- Pamela Geller’s False Claim that Muslims Curse Christians and Jews in Their Daily Prayers, Sheila Musaji
- Book Review:  Heart of the Qur’an - Meditation on Surah 1, Ayahs 1-7 The Direct Path, Nur Hixon

2:65 - What “Pigs And Monkeys”? by Dr. Hesham Hassaballa

- The Quran on war, peace and justice by Islam 101
- Qur’an 2:191 Commentary
- Qur’an 2:191 & 4:89 - Does the Qur’an Teach Violence? by Dr. Muzammil H. Siddiqi

2:216 (jihad or qital) - Commentary

2:224 - Commentary

2:282 (male and female witnesses, testimony) - commentary and

4:3 and 4:129 (polygamy) - Polygamy and the Qur’an, Asghar Ali Engineer

4:7 (inheritance laws) - Woman Half-the-Man?:  Crisis of Male Epistemology in Islamic Jurisprudence by Dr. Abdulaziz Sachedina

4:25 (slavery) - Qur’anic verdict on slavery by G.A. Parwez 
4:34 (beating wives)

- Laleh Bakhtiar’s Qur’an Translation Controversy Over Verse 4:34, Sheila Musaji
- Interview with Laleh Bakhtiar on The First English Translation of the Qur’an by an American Woman
- ISNA President Responds to ISNA Canada Secy. Genl. RE Laleh Bakhtiar’s Qur’an Translation, Ingrid Mattson
- Bakhtiar Translation in sync with teachings, Asma Barlas
- Chastising Women: A Means to Resolve Marital Problems?, AbdulHamid A. Abu Sulayman
- Commentary
- Commentary By Dr. Ahmad Shafaat
- Corporal punishment (beating, or scourging) rebellious women
- Decoding the “DNA of Patriarchy” in Muslim family laws, Ziba Mir-Hosseini and Zainah Anwar
- Does Qur’anic verse 4:34 “allow a superior husband to beat his inferior, disobedient wife?” by Linda Bogaert
- Domestic Violence:  A Violation of Islam, Global Muslim Women’s Shura Council
- Domestic Violence and abuse in the Muslim community - Resource collection, compiled by Sheila Musaji
- The Dynamics of Male-Female Relationships: A Contemporary Analysis (Qur’an 4:34)* by Dr. Amina Wadud
- Leave the Qur’an Out of This, Please!, Dr. Hesham A. Hassaballa
- New Translation Prompts Debate on Islamic Verse, Neil MacFarquahar
- Ali Thanvi’s Book “A Gift for the Muslim Couple”?, Sheila Musaji
- Wife beaters set the tone as backward Imams threaten to overwhelm 21st Century Muslims, Mona Eltahawy

4:76 - “fight in God’s cause” Commentary

4:88-91 (apostasy) - Commentary
- Apostasy and freedom of faith in Islam

4:91 (apes and pigs) - Jews are not apes and pigs, Aziz Poonawalla

4:95 - “jihad in God’s cause” commentary

5:32 to 34 - Commentary “execution, crucifixion, cutting off hands and feet”

5:45 - commentary “an eye for an eye”

5:51 - Can Muslims Have Non-Muslims as Friends? - The Concept of Wilaya in the Qur’an, Dr. Mohammad Fadel

5:54 - Commentary “stern towards disbelievers”

5:60-64 - Is There Anti-Semitism in The Qur’an?, Muzammil H. Siddiqi, Ph.D.

7:163-166 - What “Pigs And Monkeys”?, Dr. Hesham Hassaballa

8:12 (beheading) - A new Qur’an?, Dr. Hesham Hassaballa
- Commentary

8:55 (world domination) - Through the looking glass: Qur’an 8:55, Sheila Musaji

9:5 (verse of the sword) - Commentary

9:11 (supposed “verse of the eagle” which doesn’t exist) -

9:29 (jizya) - Commentary

9:113 praying for non-Muslims

24:4-5 (fornication, adultery, and rape)- Commentary by Danios

33:23 (jihad and martyrs) - Commentary

33:33 (women stay in your houses) - What a difference a kasrah makesm, Carolyn Baugh

47:4   (war of aggression or self-defense) - Quoting the Qur’an, Hussam Ayloush

48:29 (treatment of non-Muslims) - Commentary


Abrogation (Naskh) in the Qur’an

- Muhammad Al-Ghazali’s View on Abrogation (Naskh) in the Qur’an, Khaleel Mohammed
- On the Theory of Abrogation (Naskh) in the Qur’an, Jeffrey Lang

Compilation of the Qur’an - Forgotten Witness: Evidence For The Early Codification Of The Qur’an, Estelle Whelan

Divorce in Qur’an and Shari’ah, Asghar Ali Engineer

Internal contradictions claims -

Grammatical mistakes claims -

Interpretations of the Qur’an (re-evaluation and ijtihad of previous interpretations):

- Freedom of Thought, IJTIHAD, Interpretation, IJMA, Islamization of Knowledge - article collection
- The Place of Tolerance in Islam: On Reading the Qur’an - and Misreading It, Khaled Abou El Fadl, Ph.D.
- Qur’an:  Reason, Authority, and the Text, Louay Safi
- Towards Multiple Understandings of the Qur’an, Asghar Ali Engineer

Sources of the Qur’an
- Did Islam just copy from Judaism and Christianity, Jerald F. Dirks
- Refutation Of The Borrowing Theories Of The Qur’an

Translations of the Qur’an

- Hilali-Khan Qur’an Translation, Sheila Musaji
- On the New Revised Edition of Yusuf Ali’s Qur’an Translation, Imad-ad-Dean Ahmad, Ph.D.
- Playing into the Hands of the Extremists? (Hilali-Khan Qur’an Translation), Dr. Robert D. Crane
- Qur’an Explorer site and extremist Qur’an translations, Sheila Musaji

Response to Polemics against the Qur’an:

Burning the Qur’an

Bonfire of the Korans
An unfolding global Anti-Muslim crusade, Michael Carmichael
Book burning: a terrible freedom, Gustav Niebuhr
BOOK REVIEW: Me and You: Beyond Belief, Together: A Path to Peace All Our Faiths Can Share (David Liepert), by Sheila Musaji
Burn a Qur’an Day an outrage to Muslims, Akbar Ahmed
Burning issue: Rabbi’s discuss Qur’an burning
Burning the Quran, Jeff Siddiqui
Christians must reject “Burn a Quran Day”, Jennifer S. Bryson
Christmastime, Iftekhar Hai
Christmas as a “Secular American” Holiday?, Sheila Musaji
Despite Popular Belief, Islam’s Not The Grinch That Stole Christmas, Shahed Amanullah
Dove World Outreach Christian Center “Hate to the World”, “Burn a Qur’an”, Sheila Musaji
Eat, pray, hate: America’s own Taliban, Christopher Dickey
Florida Muslims say violence won’t solve Dove problem
Free speech to counter hate speech - Dove World Outreach Center tee-shirt incident, Sheila Musaji
How the Florida pastor and the New York imam can live their faiths, Akbar Ahmed 
“If They Can Burn It, We Can Read It.” A UCC Minister’s Response to Burning the Qur’an
In Qur’an Burning We’re All Losers , Julie Ingersoll
Islamophobia: the new antisemitism, Mya Guarnieri
Jews Urged to Oppose 9/11 Koran Burning
Merry Christmas, Dr. Hesham Hassaballa
One Church’s Reasons to Hate Islam, Challenged by an Expert, Damien Cave
Plan to burn Quran in Florida draws international condemnation
Plans for a Koran Burning Show a Gainesville Church’s Bigotry, Jason Van Boom
Playing with Fire: On Christian Book Burning, Gary Leupp
Religious leaders call for solidarity against Quran burning, Chad Smith 
Religious leaders speak out against International Burn a Quran Day
Scorching Muslim hearts, Muqtedar Khan
Treating Christmas with Respect, Abdul Malik Mujahid
What books shall we burn now?, Rabbi Arthur Waskow
Why they want to burn the Qur’an, Joe Conason

Keith Ellison’s use of Qur’an

A Muslim Response to Dennis Prager’s ‘Five Questions’, Hussam Ayloush
ADL statement on Prager’s attack on Rep. Ellison
ADL 2011 statement Anti-Muslim sentiment significant
Answers to Five ‘Repulsive’ Questions of Dennis Prager, Dr. Maher Hathout
Backgrounder on Prager
Congressman Keith Ellison and the Qur’an, Sheila Musaji
Muslims and the Five Questions of Dennis Prager, Juan Cole
Dennis Prager vs. the First Amendment, Sheila Musaji
Dennis Prager Has A Funny Definition Of Freedom
Prager’s anti-Islamic bigotry is not newsworthy
President Bush Asked to Rescind Appointment of Dennis Prager
Presidential appointee says Quran oath ‘undermines American civilization’
U.S. Holocaust Museum urged to drop Islam basher, CAIR

Fitna Film

The Dutchman and the Qur’an, Arsalan Iftikhar
How Geert Wilders’ anti-Qur’an film can be made to benefit the Muslim community, Sheila Musaji
Geert Wilders Anti-Qur’an Film:  Silence will be the best response, Tariq Ramadan
Respecting the Qur’an, Ingrid Mattson, PhD



Antidote to Modern Nihilism: The Quranic Perception of Time, Parvez Manzoor

Beyond Islamic Enlightenment (series of articles on re-evaluating textual interpretations), Ali Eteraz

Brief History of the Compilation of the Qur’an,

Division of the Qur’an

The Dual Purpose of the Qur’an, Imam Tammam Adi,

Examining the Qur’an,

Forgotten Witness: Evidence for the Early Codification of the Qur’an, Estelle Whelan,

History of the Compilation of the Qur’an

Islam and the Qur’an

Jews in the Qur’an (mentioned in 60 verses) - Jews in the Qur’an: An Introduction, Aisha Y. Musa, Ph.D.

Jihad?  But What About Other Verses in the Qur’an?, Asghar Ali Engineer

Man and universe in the Qur’an *, Sardar Hayat Khan

Misinterpretation of the Qur’an

On Methodology, Understanding Qur’an, Asghar Ali Engineer,

On Interpreting the Qur’an, Asma Barlas,

Orientalism and Qur’anic Studies, S. Parvez Manzoor,

Preservation and Transmission of the Qur’an

Preservation of the Qur’an, G.F. Haddad

Qur’an and Hadith against extremism

Qur’an and Qur’anic Interpretation, compiled by Alan Godlas’an

Qur’an, Three Translations, Index,

Qur’an: Divine Guidance or historical Document, Aslam Abdullah

Qur’an: It Never Ceases to Amaze!, Dr. Javeed Akhter,

Qur’an Search Tool

Qur’anic Perception of Time

Qur’anic Manuscripts,

Qur’anic Studies Research,

Refutation of the ‘Borrowing’ Theories of the Qur’an,

Resources for the Study of the Qur’an

Respecting the Qur’an, Ingrid Mattson, PhD

Sufi Tafsir

Suing the Qur’an, Michael Sells

Symbolism and Allegory in the Qur’an, Muhammad Asad

The Text of the Qur’an,

The Preservation and Transmission of the Qur’an,

Reading the Qur’an, Islam’s holy book, Eric Walberg

The Qur’an, Sachiko Murata & William Chittick,

TED Talk on the Qur’an, Leslie Hazelton

Transmission of the Qur’anic Revelation

The ‘True Furqan’ Qur’an Hoax, Sheila Musaji


Dark Passages, Philip Jenkins

The Qur’an, The Bible, And The Urge To Violence, Mustafa Aykol

Throwing Stones at the Qur’an From a Biblical Glass House, Sheila Musaji

The Use and Abuse of Scriptures, Sheila Musaji


An Introduction to Hadith, James Lochtefeld

An Introduction to the Science of Hadith

An Introduction to the Sciences of Hadith

An Introduction to the Subject of Hadith

Classificaion of Hadith

Finding the Spirit of Muhammad


Hadith and Prophet Muhammad, compiled by Alan Godlas

Hadith Authenticity

Hadith Compilation and Placement Project

Hadith Database

Hadiths Inserted Posthumously In The Sahih Of Al-Bukhari?

Imam Bukhari


The Nature and Role of hadith: An Analysis of a Re-evaluation by Dr. Robert D. Crane

Islamic Emails, Anis Hamadeh,

Issues Concerning Hadith, 

Forty Hadith Qudsi,

Islamic Hermeneutics

Major Collections of Hadith

Modern Historical Methodology Versus Hadith Methodology

Please Stop Abusing the Prophet, Abdul Malik Mujahid

Qur’an, Hadith and Women, Asghar Ali Engineer



Sunnah and Hadith

Translation of Sahih Bukhari,

Translation of Sahih Muslim,

Translation of Sunan Abu Dawud,

Translation of Malik’s Muwatta,