Interview with Ramzy Baroud about the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict
By Munish Nagar
Q. What is the importance of Hezbollah’s last year victory and how will it
influence future events in the region?
Hezbollah’s victory is important for more than one reason; one aspect is
pertinent to the timing of that victory, which comes at a time that the US
had just discovered the limitation of its military capabilities in Iraq.
Israel was trying to achieve a military victory for itself and others: US,
those who were set to benefit from the elimination of Hezbollah in Lebanon
and for the region’s traditional US allies (corrupt regime, traditional
elites and business elites, etc). Following its Lebanon adventure, which was
weighed in at least one year in advance, Israel has also learned that its
military power as well had its own limits and was taught a hard lesson, and
the results of that lesson continue to reverberate throughout Israel’s
Another factor is that Hezbollah emerged as a formidable foe in Lebanon, and
is now trying to translate its popularity and military strength into
political strength, stirring a battle (mostly a political one that had
recently spilled into violent confrontations following the debilitating
strike) whose outcome is yet to be determined.
Moreover, the US hoped that a quick Hezbollah defeat would both intimidate
Iran before the sheer might of the Israeli military, which also served an
American purpose. The opposite transpired, as Iran emerged more powerful and
confident, further exasperating American’s woes in the region, but also
compounding fears of a regional Shiite-Sunni clash.
Q. Is it in the hands of Israel to end the violence against the Palestinian
people or is Israel being played like a puppet in American Hands?
Israel is by no means a puppet in American hands. The relationship between
the two is rather unique. Israel is not exactly a ‘client regime’ per se,
yet it doesn’t necessarily ‘control’ American foreign policy in the region.
What is taking place is rather an exchange, equitable or otherwise, where
both parties are hoping to advance their own interests in the region, while
mutually benefiting from each other’s unique advantages. Traditionally,
Israel served as an American proxy and ally, whereby the US uses Israel’s
strategic positioning to further its own designs in the region, warranted or
otherwise. Israel, on the other hand, has benefited tremendously from
American financial and military aid, in addition to political backing that
has shielded it rather successfully from any accountability to international
To guarantee its interests in America, Israel had relied heavily on several
lobbying bodies, notwithstanding The American Israeli Public Relations
Committee (AIPAC), whose degree of success in fortifying Israel’s position
is hardly debatable. However, during the George W. Bush years, that
relationship began tilting more in Israel’s favor than in favor of the
traditional American foreign policy view; this was due to the ability of the
neoconservatives - a group of influential pro Israeli ideologues, purporting
as patriotic Americans – to sway US policy in the Middle East to fit
Israel’s regional agenda, thus getting the US to achieve what Israel
couldn’t do alone, hence the regime change in Iraq, containing Iran and
Syria, etc. The neoconservatives shrewdly convinced the US administration
that what is good for Israel is good for America. 3068 dead and 40,000
wounded American soldiers later, the US is beginning to realize this fatal
mistake, despite the stubbornness of the President.
Q. Is this assertion, made by many Middle East analysts, accurate: the US
and Israel’s ultimate objective is dominating the Arabs? Was the US invasion
of Iraq’s and the execution of Saddam a step towards that goal?
In many ways America had often determined its relationship to Arab states
based on these states’ perception and/or relationship with Israel and the
so-called peace process. Most Arab states are more or less dominated by the
US and even ‘rogue’ states had at times good relations with Washington and
were very willing to become client regimes at a whim. But while some either
agreed to normalize with Israel openly (Jordan, Egypt, Mauritania), others
did so in more subtle ways (some Gulf countries, Morocco, etc). Those who
rejected Israel’s terms of peace or exhibited hostility toward the Zionist
state were branded as ‘rogue’, and there sins were augmented beyond reason.
(The submissive camp was dubbed moderate and friendly, despite the fact that
some were brutal and utterly despotic).
So what has happened following the murder of Saddam and the intimidation of
Syria is not exactly an overhauling of the relationship between Washington
and Arabs, but rather a redefining of that relationship. America is
realizing that it has to change the rules of the game to guarantee that
‘rogue’ states become a thing of the past. It wants to deny even its allies
in the region the most basic bargaining power so that the relationship
shifts from that of superpower-client state to a super-power and mere
proxies. This is what Washington is currently concocting. There are many
obstacles standing in the way of course, including the resurgence of Islamic
forces, Hamas and Hezbollah and the resistance in Iraq.
Q. Has the United Nations, specially the UNHRC played a significant role in
quelling or lessening the suffering of the Palestinian people at the hands
The United Nations Human Rights Commission is to a large degree free of US
influence in the UN. The US uses various control mechanisms to influence the
proceedings of various UN bodies, including the use of veto at the Security
Council, political pressure in the General Assembly and withholding of funds
from various UN arms. UNHRC however, despite occasional failures has held
its ground and on many occasions called Israel on its brutality. The
commission however has little or no executive power. It can embarrass Israel
at times, and has repeatedly called on the international community to
interfere on behalf of Palestinians. The commission’s position however, was
hardly ever translated to an actual work plan at the UN for the US’ control
mechanisms were much greater than the commission’s limited powers and
ability to withstand pressure.
Q. Article 3 of UN Declaration clearly states: “Everyone has the right to
life, liberty and security of persons”. Have there been any serious attempts
to apply such an article on the Palestinians who are murdered with impunity
by the Israeli army?
The UN founding principles and original declaration are very noble as they
clearly spoke out against the cruelty of WWII where human dignity and the
sanctity of life sunk to their lowest levels in recent memory. However,
aside from the theoretical aspect of this, since its founding nearly six
decades ago, the UN is yet to become an equally representative organization
that is capable of translating its principles into action, guiding and
guarding its Human Rights Declaration in a serious enough manner that is
capable of challenging the arrogance of both super powers like the US or
smaller entities that violate international law such as Israel and Ethiopia.
To answer your question more directly, while the spirit of the UN
declaration shall endure, it is yet to be substantiated with concerted and
meaningful action; at least as far as the Palestinian-Israeli conflict is
Q. What is your view on Israel’s definition of “Ceasefire”?
Israel doesn’t believe in ceasefire as a step toward calm, thus peace.
Israel is a state that still believes that military supremacy must be
maintained and exercised at all times to ensure the submission of its
enemies, and it does so disproportionately and frequently. Israel would
resort or use the term “ceasefire” in the three following occasions: as a
farce, meaning using the term but not implementing its conditions to evade
criticism; two, when its forced to do so, as was the case in Lebanon
following the July-August war with Hezbollah. Even in this occasion, this
was a tactical ceasefire. Third, as a political strategy, such as
strengthening Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas’ position
against his rivals in Hamas. As a concept in itself that aims at
establishing meaningful peace, ceasefire is yet to exist in Israel’s
Q. Considering all that has been discussed thus far, where you think
Palestine will stand 10 years from now?
It’s unlikely that there will be any truly sovereign Palestine in the next
10 years. Indeed, all signs are pointing to the contrary. Even if one wishes
to circumvent the question, for now, regarding the viability of a
Palestinian state over parts of the West Bank and Gaza, one cannot expect
that the current balance of power, the dishonesty of the US, the absence of
a strong third party, the fragmentation of the Arabs politically and the
regional upheaval that was engendered by the US chaotic Middle East policy,
and notwithstanding the Palestinian eternal strife, could possibly create a
situation that would convince or force Israel to heed to the calls for peace
and respect international law, thus withdrawing from the Occupied
-Ramzy Baroud is a veteran Palestinian-American Journalist and is
Editor-in-Chief of the Palestine Chronicle. His latest book: The Second
Palestinian Intifada: A Chronicle of a People’s Struggle is available
everywhere; his last volume: Searching Jenin: Eyewitness Accounts of the
Israeli Invasion sold thousands of copies and is also available. Baroud
worked at Aljazeera Satellite Television for two years and taught media at
Australia’s Curtin University of Technology, Malaysia Campus. He is a
syndicated columnist for many years and his articles have been published or
reviewed in the world’s largest newspapers; he has also been a guest on
numerous television and radio programs. He can be contacted at
-Munish Nagar is an Indian Journalist. He has a Master’s degree in
Journalism and currently is pursuing PG diploma in Human Rights.