Mohammed Fadel was born in Egypt. After 3 years in Egypt, Dr. Fadel came to the United States and began his studies. Dr. Fadel attained his bachelors with high Honors from the University of Virginia in Government and Foreign Affairs in 1988. He then worked on his PhD in Near Eastern Languages and Cultures at the University of Chicago (Illinois), where he completed a dissertation focusing on Islamic legal processes during medieval times, completing his doctorate in 1995.
While in the Virginia School of law, Dr. Fadel was member and Articles Development Editor of the Virginia Law Review along with being a John M. Olin Fellow in Law and Economics. He has been a member of the Order of the Coif, a national honor society for law school graduates. Currently, Dr. Fadel is a General Practice Associate in the New York office of the law firm Sullivan & Cromwell. He previously worked with the United States Court of Appeals Fourth Circuit, and the United States District Court. He has taught Arabic at the University of Virginia, Notre Dame University (Indiana), and Middlebury College in Vermont. He is a past president of the Association for Arab-American Understanding and a member of Muslim Voices for Peace.
He has published a variety of papers in various Journals including the Journal of Near Eastern Studies, The Journal of Islamic Law, the International Journal of Middle East Studies, and the Bulletin of Middle East Medievalists. Among topics covered in his publications are Islam and Democracy, Islamic Scholastic Theology, and Analogical Reasoning in Islamic Jurisprudence.