Democracy & Political Order - article collection


Compiled by Sheila Musaji

updated 6/17/2009 - more updates to follow

A Comparative Approach to Islam and Democracy, Fethullah Gulen

A Faltering Freedom Agenda, The Disillusion of Muslim Reformers:  A Traditionalist Reply, Dr. Robert Dickson Crane

Algeria: Islam and Democratic Experiment: Remembering Algeria, Prof. Sulayman S. Nyang

America & Iran: Out of Step With Democracy and Islam, Abid Mustafa

American Attitude on Promoting Democracy Gets a Thumbs-down, Dr. Habib Siddiqui

Book Review:  Islam and Democracy:  A Foundation for Ending Extremism and Preventing Conflict (Rash), Shayn Mccallum and Michael Ellison

Burma’s struggle for democracy - What needs to be done?, Dr. Habib Siddiqui

Burma:  Daw Suu Kyi and movement for democracy, freedom and human rights in Burma, Dr. Habib Siddiqui

Can the U.S. Have a Role in Promoting Democracy in the Arab World, James Zogby

Center for the Study of Islam and Democracy (CSID)

Civil, Democratic Islam: America’s Desperate Search for the ‘Liberal’ Muslims, Yoginder Sikand

Contemporary Challenges to Secularism and Democracy - A Religious Response, Asghar Ali Engineer

Court Case that Could Reshape American Democracy, Rupert Cornwell

Democracy According to Traditional Islamic Sources, ISCA,

Democracy and Imperialism, Ishtiaq Ahmed

Democracy and the Majority principle in islamic Legal-Political Thought, Ermin Sinanovic

Democracy and Human Rights in the Middle East Today”, Saad Eddin Ibrahim

Democracy, For Export Only, by David Pauling

Democracy, Freedom, and Imposition:  How Best Can the US Effect Democratization in the Middle East, Louay Safi

Democracy in Action, Dr. Abdelwahab el-Effendi,

Democracy, Iraq and the Middle East, Sami Zubaida

Democracy, Islam and oil, Wahida Valiante

Democracy, Presidential Election and the Lobby, Habib Siddiqui

Democracy: The Religious ad the Political in Contemporary Islamic Debate, Dr. Azzam Tamimi, Part I - Part II

Democracy Restored:  But No Shift in Values, Muqtedar Khan

Democracy, Sure But On Whose Terms?, Parvez Ahmed

The Democratic Agenda for Arabs, Neal AbuNab

Democratic Dictatorships, Ibrahim Mansour

Democratic Reform in the Muslim World and Cultural Challenges, Louay Safi

Do Muslims Deserve Democracy?, Abdelwahab El-Affendi,

Forgotten Founders: Benjamin Franklin, the Iroquois and the Rationale for the American Revolution, Bruce Johansen.  The full text of the book is online at 

Free or Fraud: What if President Ahmadi Nejad Was Resoundingly Reelected!, Dr. Robert D. Crane

Freedom and Democracy: America’s Ultimate Polytheism - Some further thoughts, Dr. Robert D. Crane

Future of Democracy in Iran, Dr. Ali Paya,

Getting Worse for the Arabs, Edward Said

The Hidden Holocaust: Our Civilizational Crisis - Part 2: Exporting Democracy, Nafeez Mosaddeq Ahmed

House Votes 309-118 to Scale Back Patriot Act; FCC Rules May Be Overturned Too

How to Improve Relations with the Muslim World - Challenges and Promises Ahead, Mariem R. Masmoudi, CSID

If We’re Promoting Democracy, Why Not Support it in Turkey, Grenville Byford, Washington Post,̬Found=true

Illusion of Choice, Matthew Riemer

Impact of Arab Satellite Television on the Prospects for Democracy in the Arab World, S. Abdallah Schleifer

In Search of a Muslim Path to Democracy, Ali Mazrui,

India:  Democracy, Parochialism and Peace, Asghar Ali Engineer

India:  Multi-religious democracy and its challenges, Asghar Ali Engineer

Indonesian Elections: Dreaming of Gajah Mada in a Modern Democracy, Farish A. Noor

Institutions of Democracy Are More Important Than Democracy, Tarek Heggy,

Interfaith Guidelines on Human Rights, Pluralism, Democracy, and Authority, Dr. Robert D. Crane

Interview with Amr Hamzawy: “Democratic Change Must Come from Within”, Bassam Rizk

Interview with Radwan Masmoudi of CSID Muslims do want democracy

Interview with Mohammad Mojtahed Shabestari (Part 2): Muslims and Democracy, Fatma Sagir

Iran: Groups Urge Congress to Stop Funding Failed Iran “Democracy” Program, National Iranian American Council

Iran: Sistaining Democracy, Ibrahim Mansour

Iraq: To “save Iraqi Democracy” Bush’s war will target Shias too, M. A. Muqtedar Khan

IRAQ:  Extending the Abraham Federation Model: A Just Third Way for Bringing Democracy to the Iraqi People, Norman G. Kurland, Center for Economic and Social Justice

Is Democracy in the Middle East a Pipedream?, Fawaz Gerges

Is the US Contributing to Democracy?, James Zogby

Is the U.S. Ready for Democracy?, Davis Newsom

Is President Bush Pushing for Democracy Too Early in Iraq?, Radwan Masmoudi

Islam, Islamists, and Democracy, Ali R. Abootalebi,

Islam and Democracy: A Lesson From Turkey, Justin Smith

Islam and democracy are not incompatible at all,  Tom Plate

Islam and democracy can – and do – coexist, John Hughes

Islam and Democracy Rejoinder, John O. Voll and John Esposito,

Islam & Constitutional Rights, Iftekhar Hai,

Islam and the Challenge of Democracy by Khaled Abou El Fadl  Excellent article which attempts to answer the question: How, then, can a democratic conception of the peoples authority be reconciled with an Islamic understanding of GodҒs authority?  This article has received a lot of attention and responses from other scholars. 
-Response from John Esposito
- Response from Nader Hashemi
- Response from Noah Feldman
- Response from Jeremy Waldron
- Response from Muqtedar Khan
- Response of A. Kevin Reinhart
- Response of Saba Mahmood
- Response from Mohamed Fadel
- Response from Bernard Haykel
- Response from William Quandt
- Khaled Abou El Fadl Replies to Responses

Islam and Islamism: Global Caliphate or Prelude to Democracy?, Dr. Robert D. Crane

“Islam and Liberal Democracy: Recognizing Pluralism,” Laith Kubba, Journal of Democracy 7.2 (1996) 86-89

Islam in Democracy, Asghar Ali Engineer


Islamic Constitutional Law versus Secular Absolutism, Dr. Robert D. Crane

Islamic Government” - An Oxymoron, T.O. Shanavas

Islam’s Compatibility with Democracy, M.A. Muqtedar Khan,

Islam’s Democratic Essence, John O. Voll and John Esposito,

Islamic legitimacy Without the Testimony of the Muslim Will?, Parvez Manzoor,

Islamic Democracy vs. Fundamentalism, Gasser Hathout

Islamic Concept of a Political Order, G.W. Choudhury,

Islamocracy: In Search of a Muslim Path to Democracy, Prof. Ali A. Mazrui

Jihad vs. McWorld, Benjamin Barber,

Liberty for Muslims?, David R. Sands

Managing Consent: The Art of War, Democracy and Public Relations, Ramzy Baroud

Middle East: America’s democracy advance puts secularism into retreat, Abid Mustafa

The Middle Path to Democracy in the Middle East, Parvez Ahmed

Notion of Shura: Shura or Democracy?, Dr. Tariq Ramadan,

Open Letter to President Obama about Democracy Promotion in the Middle East and the Muslim World 

Pakistan:  Discussing Democracy in Islamabad, Yoginder Sikand

Pakistan: Musharraf fears democracy, not extremism, Vali Nasr

Pakistan:  Time for democracy, Ishtiaq Ahmed

Palestine:  Democracy Defeated, Ramzy Baroud

Palestine: Hamas — can it bring peace and democracy?, Ishtiaq Ahmed

Palestine: Peace and Democracy must go Hand in Hand, Ramzy Baroud

Palestinian Elections: Victory for Democracy, Dr. Bernard Sabella

Political Islam and The Future of Democracy in the Middle East, Radwan A. Masmoudi

Prominent Muslim Scholars and Experts Urge President to Make Democracy in the Middle East a Top Priority

Promise & Peril: Prospects for Democracy in the Muslim World Today, Svend White,

- Adams, John
- Douglass, Frederick
- Eisenhower, Dwight D.
- Einstein, Albert
- Franklin, Benjamin
- Gandhi, Mahatma
- Jefferson, Thomas
- King Jr., Martin Luther
- Washington, Booker T.


RAND Report on Terrorism - U.S. Imperialism in Democracy’s Name, Yoginder Sikand

Reason, Freedom, and Democracy in Islam (Abdolkarim Soroush) - Reforming Religious Knowledge, Asma Barlas

Selective Memory and a Dishonest Doctrine, Noam Chomsky, 

Shura, Democracy & the Muslim World, Suleman Dangor,

Shura and the Islamic Vision of Democracy, M. Riaz Khan,

Somalia: Democracy Wins Again?, Dr. Robert D. Crane

Terror, Islam, and Democracy, Ladan Boroumand and Roya Boroumand,

Tharwa Project, The

Thomas Jefferson Quotes

The Threat to Secular Democracy In Malaysia, Farish A. Noor

Turkey: Muslim Democracy in Action, Jackson Diehl

U.S. Foreign Policy in the Muslim World: A Barrier to Democracy, Muqtedar Khan

Understanding Islam: Challenges to Democracy and Plurality, Louay Safi

Video:  Islam Democracy and Human Rights with Shirin Ebadi

The War of the Titans:  Who Will Control “Democratic Capitalism”, Dr. Robert D. Crane

We Had a Democracy Once, But You Crushed It, Russell Mokhiber

What Meaneth Black Suffering? Race, Meaning-Making, and Democracy in Post-Katrina America, Rev. Osagyefo Uhuru Sekou

Whither Democracy in America?, Dr. Habib Siddiqui

Why Democracy and Why Now?, Professor Abdulaziz Sachedina

Why do we support un-Democratic regimes?, Aziz Shihab

Why has democracy not taken root in most Muslim countries?, Munir Pervaiz Saami

SEE ALSO:  The topic democracy and political order on The American Muslim site for many more articles.